Allah states that the rebellious, stubborn polytheists will turn away from every Ayah, meaning, sign, miracle and proof that is evidence of Allah's Uniqueness and the truth of His honorable Messengers. They will not contemplate about these Ayat or care about them. Allah said,
(Indeed, they rejected the truth when it came to them, but there will come to them the news of that which they used to mock at.) This Ayah contains a warning and a stern threat for the disbelievers' rejection of the truth, stating that the disbelievers will surely know the truth of what they used to deny and taste the evil end of their behavior. Allah advises and warns the disbelievers, that they should avoid the torments and afflictions of this life, similar to what befell their likes from previous nations, who were stronger, wealthier, had more offspring, and were more exploitive on the earth. Allah said,
(Have they not seen how many a generation before them We have destroyed whom We had established on the earth such as We have not established you) meaning, they had more wealth, children, buildings, abundant provision, riches and soldiers. Allah said next,
(and We poured out on them rain from the sky in abundance,) in reference to rain that comes often,
(And made the rivers flow under them.) as rain was abundant and the springs were plentiful, so that We deceived them.
(Yet We destroyed them for their sins) meaning the mistakes and errors that they committed,
(and created after them other generations,) for, these generations of old perished and became as legends and stories,
(And created after them other generations.) so that We test the new generations, as well. Yet, they committed similar errors and were destroyed, as their ancestors were destroyed. Therefore, beware of the same end that might befall you, for you are not dearer to Allah than these previous nations, but the Messenger whom you defied is dearer to Allah than the Messengers they defied. Thus, you are more liable than them to receive torment, if it was not for Allah's mercy and kindness.
(7. And even if We had sent down unto you a Message written on paper so that they could touch it with their hands, the disbelievers would have said: "This is nothing but obvious magic!'') (8. And they say: "Why has not an angel been sent down to him'' Had We sent down an angel, the matter would have been judged at once, and no respite would be granted to them.) (9. And had We appointed him an angel, We indeed would have made him a man, and We would have certainly caused them confusion in a matter which they have already covered with confusion.) (10. And indeed Messengers were mocked before you, but their scoffers were surrounded by the very thing that they used to mock at.) (11. Say: "Travel in the land and see what was the end of those who rejected truth.'')
Allah describes the rebellion and stubbornness of the idolators in defying the truth and arguing against it,
(And even if We had sent down unto you a Message written on paper so that they could touch it with their hands,) meaning, if they saw this Message's descent and were eye- witnesses to that,
(the disbelievers would have said: "This is nothing but obvious magic!'') This is similar to Allah's description of the disbelievers' defiance of facts and truth,
(And even if We opened to them a gate from the heaven and they were to continue ascending thereto. They would surely say: "Our eyes have been (as if) dazzled. Nay, we are a people bewitched.'') (15:14-15), and,
(And if they were to see a piece of the heaven falling down, they would say, "Clouds gathered in heaps!'') (52:44).
(And they say: "Why has not an angel been sent down to him'') to convey the Message with admonition along with him. Allah replied,
(Had We sent down an angel, the matter would have been judged at once, and no respite would be granted to them.) Consequently, even if the angels descend, while the disbelievers still had the same attitude, then the torment will surely befall them from Allah as a consequence. Allah said in other Ayat,
(We send not the angels down except with the truth (i.e. for torment, etc.), and in that case, they (the disbelievers) would have no respite!) (15:8), and,
(On the Day they will see the angels, no glad tidings will there be for the criminals that day.) (25:22) Allah's statement,
(And had We appointed him an angel, We indeed would have made him a man, and We would have certainly caused them confusion in a matter which they have already covered with confusion.) meaning, if We send an angel along with the human Messenger, or if We send an angel as a Messenger to mankind, he would be in the shape of a man so that they would be able to speak to him and benefit from his teachings. In this case, the angel (in the shape of a human) will also cause confusion for them, just as the confusion they caused themselves over accepting humans as Messengers! Allah said,
(Say: "If there were on the earth, angels walking about in peace and security, We should certainly have sent down for them from the heaven an angel as a Messenger.'') (17:95) It is a mercy from Allah to His creation that He sends every type of creation, Messengers from among their kind, so that they are able to call their people to Allah, and their people able to talk to them, ask them and benefit from them. In another Ayah, Allah said;
(Indeed Allah conferred a great favor on the believers when He sent among them a Messenger from among themselves, reciting unto them His verses (the Qur'an), and purifying them.) (3:164) Ad-Dahhak said that Ibn `Abbas said about the Ayah (6:9 above), "If an angel was sent to them, he would come in the shape of a man. This is because they will not be able to look at the angel due to light.''
(... and We would have certainly caused them confusion in a matter which they have already covered with confusion.) meaning, We would confuse them over their confusion. And Al-Walibi reported Ibn `Abbas saying; "We brought doubts around them.'' Allah's statement,
(And indeed Messengers were mocked before you, but their scoffers were surrounded by the very thing that they used to mock at.) comforts the Messenger concerning the denial of him by his people. The Ayah also promises the Messenger, and his believers, of Allah's victory and the good end in this life and the Hereafter. Allah said next,
(Say: "Travel in the land and see what was the end of those who rejected truth.'') meaning, contemplate about yourselves and think about the afflictions Allah struck the previous nations with, those who defied His Messengers and denied them. Allah sent torment, afflictions and punishment on them in this life, as well as the painful torment in the Hereafter, while saving His Messengers and believing servants.
(12. Say: "To whom belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth'' Say: "To Allah.'' He has prescribed mercy for Himself. Indeed He will gather you together on the Day of Resurrection, about which there is no doubt. Those who destroy themselves will not believe.) (13. And to Him belongs whatsoever exists in the night and the day, and He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.'') (14. Say: "Shall I take as a guardian any other than Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth And it is He Who feeds but is not fed.'' Say: "Verily, I am commanded to be the first of those who submit. ''And be not you of the idolators.) (15. Say: "I fear, if I disobey my Lord, the torment of a Mighty Day.'') (16. Who is averted from (such a torment) on that Day; then He (Allah) has surely been Merciful to him. And that would be the obvious success.)
Allah states that He is the King and Owner of the heavens and earth and all of what is in them, and that He has written mercy on His Most Honorable Self. It is recorded in the Two Sahihs, that Abu Hurayrah said that the Prophet said,
(When Allah created the creation, He wrote in a Book that He has with Him above the Throne; `My mercy overcomes My anger.') Allah said;
(Indeed He will gather you together on the Day of Resurrection, about which there is no doubt.) swearing by His Most Honored Self that He will gather His servants,
(For appointed meeting of a known Day.) (56:50), the Day of Resurrection that will certainly occur, and there is no doubt for His believing servants in this fact. As for those who deny and refuse, they are in confusion and disarray. Allah's statement,
(Those who destroy themselves) on the Day of Resurrection,
(will not believe.) in the Return and thus do not fear the repercussions of that Day. Allah said next,
(And to Him belongs whatsoever exists in the night and the day.) meaning, all creatures in the heavens and earth are Allah's servants and creatures, and they are all under His authority, power and will; there is no deity worthy of worship except Him,
(and He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.) He hears the statements of His servants and knows their actions, secrets and what they conceal. Allah then said to His servant and Messenger Muhammad, whom He sent with the pure Tawhid and the straight religion, commanding him to call the people to Allah's straight path;
(Say: "Shall I take as a guardian any other than Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth'') Similarly, Allah said,
(Say: "Do you order me to worship other than Allah, O you fools'') (39:64). The meaning here is, I will not take a guardian except Allah, without partners, for He is the Creator of the heavens and earth Who originated them without precedent,
(And it is He Who feeds but is not fed.) For He sustains His creatures without needing them. Allah also said;
(And I created not the Jinn and humans except that they should worship Me (Alone).) (51:56) Some scholars read it, وَهُوَ يُطْعِمُ وَلَا يَطْعَمُ "And it is He Who feeds but He does not eat.'' meaning, Allah does not eat. Abu Hurayrah narrated, "A man from Al-Ansar from the area of Quba' invited the Prophet to eat some food, and we went along with the Prophet. When the Prophet ate and washed his hands, he said,
(All praise is due to Allah, Who feeds but is never fed, He bestowed bounty unto us, Who gave us guidance and fed us, gave us something to drink, covered our nakedness; and for every favor He has given us. All praise is due to Allah, praise that should not be neglected, my Lord, all the while affirming that we will never be able to duly thank Him; nor be appreciative enough of Him, nor be free of needing Him. All thanks and praises are due to Allah Who fed us the food, gave us the drink, covered our nudity, guided us from misguidance, gave us sight from blindness, and honored us above many of His creatures. All praise is due to Allah, Lord of all that exists.'')
(Say: "Verily, I am commanded to be the first of those who submit themselves to Allah as (Muslims).'') from this Ummah,
(And be not you of the idolaters. Say: "I fear, if I disobey my Lord, the torment of a Mighty Day.'') (6:14-15), the Day of Resurrection,
(Who is averted from) such a torment,
(on that Day, He has surely been Merciful to him) meaning, Allah will have been merciful to him,
(And that would be the obvious success.) Allah also said,
(And whoever is moved away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful.) (3:185), success here indicates acquiring profit and negates loss.
(17. And if Allah touches you with harm, none can remove it but He, and if He touches you with good, then He is able to do all things.) (18. And He is the Irresistible, above His servants, and He is the All-Wise, Well-Acquainted with all things.) (19. Say: "What thing is the most great in witness'' Say: "Allah is Witness between you and I; this Qur'an has been revealed to me that I may therewith warn you and whomsoever it may reach. Can you verily bear witness that besides Allah there are other gods'' Say "I bear no (such) witness!'' Say: "Only He is God, alone, and truly I am innocent of what you join in worship with Him.'') (20. Those to whom We have given the Scripture recognize him, as they recognize their own children. Those who have lost (destroyed) themselves will not believe.) (21. And who does more wrong than he who invents a lie against Allah or rejects His Ayat Verily, the wrongdoers shall never be successful.)