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Hypocrites annoy the Prophet

Allah says, some hypocrites bother the Messenger of Allah by questioning his character, saying,

﴿ هُوَ أُذُنٌ۬‌ۚ

(he is (lending his) ear), to those who say anything about us; he believes whoever talks to him. Therefore, if we went to him and swore, he would believe us. Similar was reported from Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid and Qatadah. Allah said,

﴿ قُلۡ أُذُنُ خَيۡرٍ۬ لَّڪُمۡ

(Say: "He listens to what is best for you''), he knows who's saying the truth and who is lying,

﴿ يُؤۡمِنُ بِٱللَّهِ وَيُؤۡمِنُ لِلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ

(he believes in Allah; has faith in the believers), he believes the believers,

﴿ وَرَحۡمَةٌ۬ لِّلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ مِنكُمۡ‌ۚ

(and is a mercy to those of you who believe''), and a proof against the disbelievers,

﴿ وَٱلَّذِينَ يُؤۡذُونَ رَسُولَ ٱللَّهِ لَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ۬

(But those who annoy Allah's Messenger, will have a painful torment.)

﴿ يَحۡلِفُونَ بِٱللَّهِ لَكُمۡ لِيُرۡضُوڪُمۡ وَٱللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ۥۤ أَحَقُّ أَن يُرۡضُوهُ إِن ڪَانُواْ مُؤۡمِنِينَ أَلَمۡ يَعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّهُ ۥ مَن يُحَادِدِ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ۥ فَأَنَّ لَهُ ۥ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ خَـٰلِدً۬ا فِيہَا‌ۚ ذَٲلِكَ ٱلۡخِزۡىُ ٱلۡعَظِيمُ

(62. They swear by Allah to you (Muslims) in order to please you, but it is more fitting that they should please Allah and His Messenger, if they are believers.) (63. Know they not that whoever opposes and shows hostility to Allah and His Messenger, certainly for him will be the fire of Hell to abide therein. That is the extreme disgrace.)

Hypocrites revert to Lies to please People

Qatadah said about Allah's statement,

﴿ يَحۡلِفُونَ بِٱللَّهِ لَكُمۡ لِيُرۡضُوڪُمۡ

(They swear by Allah to you (Muslims) in order to please you) "A hypocrite man said, `By Allah! They (hypocrites) are our chiefs and masters. If what Muhammad says is true, they are worse than donkeys.' A Muslim man heard him and declared, `By Allah! What Muhammad says is true and you are worse than a donkey!' The Muslim man conveyed what happened to the Prophet who summoned the hypocrite and asked him,

« مَا حَمَلَكَ عَلَى الَّذِي قُلْتَ؟ »

(What made you say what you said) That man invoked curses on himself and swore by Allah that he never said that. Meanwhile, the Muslim man said, `O Allah! Assert the truth of the truthful and expose the lies of the liar.' Allah revealed this Verse.''' Allah's statement,

﴿ أَلَمۡ يَعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّهُ ۥ مَن يُحَادِدِ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ۥ

(Know they not that whoever opposes and shows hostility to Allah and His Messenger,) means, have they not come to know and realize that those who defy, oppose, wage war and reject Allah, thus becoming on one side while Allah and His Messenger on another side,

﴿ فَأَنَّ لَهُ ۥ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ خَـٰلِدً۬ا فِيہَا‌ۚ

(certainly for him will be the fire of Hell to abide therein), in a humiliating torment,

﴿ ذَٲلِكَ ٱلۡخِزۡىُ ٱلۡعَظِيمُ

(That is the extreme disgrace) (9:63), that is the greatest disgrace and the tremendous misery.

﴿ يَحۡذَرُ ٱلۡمُنَـٰفِقُونَ أَن تُنَزَّلَ عَلَيۡهِمۡ سُورَةٌ۬ تُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا فِى قُلُوبِہِمۡ‌ۚ قُلِ ٱسۡتَہۡزِءُوٓاْ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ مُخۡرِجٌ۬ مَّا تَحۡذَرُونَ

(64. The hypocrites fear lest a Surah should be revealed about them, showing them what is in their hearts. Say: "(Go ahead and) mock! But certainly Allah will bring to light all that you fear.'')

The Hypocrites fear Public Exposure of Their Secrets

Mujahid said, "The hypocrites would say something to each other then declare, `We wish that Allah does not expose this secret of ours,'' There is a similar Ayah to this one, that is, Allah's statement,

﴿ وَإِذَا جَآءُوكَ حَيَّوۡكَ بِمَا لَمۡ يُحَيِّكَ بِهِ ٱللَّهُ وَيَقُولُونَ فِىٓ أَنفُسِہِمۡ لَوۡلَا يُعَذِّبُنَا ٱللَّهُ بِمَا نَقُولُ‌ۚ حَسۡبُهُمۡ جَهَنَّمُ يَصۡلَوۡنَہَا‌ۖ فَبِئۡسَ ٱلۡمَصِيرُ

(And when they come to you, they greet you with a greeting wherewith Allah greets you not, and say within themselves: "Why should Allah punish us not for what we say'' Hell will be sufficient for them; they will burn therein. And worst indeed is that destination!) (58:8). Allah said in this Ayah,

﴿ قُلِ ٱسۡتَہۡزِءُوٓاْ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ مُخۡرِجٌ۬ مَّا تَحۡذَرُونَ

(Say: "(Go ahead and) mock! But certainly Allah will bring to light all that you fear.''), He will expose and explain your reality to His Messenger through revelation. Allah said in other Ayat,

﴿ أَمۡ حَسِبَ ٱلَّذِينَ فِى قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ أَن لَّن يُخۡرِجَ ٱللَّهُ أَضۡغَـٰنَہُمۡ

(Or do those in whose hearts is a disease (of hypocrisy), think that Allah will not bring to light all their hidden ill-wills) (47:29), until,

﴿ وَلَتَعۡرِفَنَّهُمۡ فِى لَحۡنِ ٱلۡقَوۡلِ‌ۚ

(but surely, you will know them by the tone of their speech!) (47:30). This is why, according to Qatadah, this Surah is called `Al-Fadihah' (the Exposing), because it exposed the hypocrites.

﴿ وَلَٮِٕن سَأَلۡتَهُمۡ لَيَقُولُنَّ إِنَّمَا ڪُنَّا نَخُوضُ وَنَلۡعَبُ‌ۚ قُلۡ أَبِٱللَّهِ وَءَايَـٰتِهِۦ وَرَسُولِهِۦ كُنتُمۡ تَسۡتَہۡزِءُونَ لَا تَعۡتَذِرُواْ قَدۡ كَفَرۡتُم بَعۡدَ إِيمَـٰنِكُمۡ‌ۚ إِن نَّعۡفُ عَن طَآٮِٕفَةٍ۬ مِّنكُمۡ نُعَذِّبۡ طَآٮِٕفَةَۢ بِأَنَّہُمۡ ڪَانُواْ مُجۡرِمِينَ

(65. If you ask them (about this), they declare: "We were only talking idly and joking.'' Say: "Was it at Allah, and His Ayat and His Messenger that you were mocking'') (66. Make no excuse; you disbelieved after you had believed. If We pardon some of you, We will punish others among you because they were criminals.)

The Hypocrites rely on False, Misguided Excuses

`Abdullah bin `Umar said, "During the battle of Tabuk, a man was sitting in a gathering and said, `I have never seen like these reciters of ours! They have the hungriest stomachs, the most lying tongues and are the most cowardice in battle.' A man in the Masjid said, `You lie. You are a hypocrite, and I will surely inform the Messenger of Allah. ' This statement was conveyed to the Messenger of Allah and also a part of the Qur'an was revealed about it.''' `Abdullah bin `Umar said, "I have seen that man afterwards holding onto the shoulders of the Messenger's camel while stones were falling on him, declaring, `O Allah's Messenger! We were only engaged in idle talk and jesting,' while the Messenger of Allah was reciting,

﴿ أَبِٱللَّهِ وَءَايَـٰتِهِۦ وَرَسُولِهِۦ كُنتُمۡ تَسۡتَہۡزِءُونَ

("Was it at Allah, and His Ayat and His Messenger that you were mocking'') (9:65).''' Allah said,

﴿ لَا تَعۡتَذِرُواْ قَدۡ كَفَرۡتُم بَعۡدَ إِيمَـٰنِكُمۡ‌ۚ

(Make no excuse; you disbelieved after you had believed.) on account of your statement and mocking,

﴿ إِن نَّعۡفُ عَن طَآٮِٕفَةٍ۬ مِّنكُمۡ نُعَذِّبۡ طَآٮِٕفَةَۢ

(If We pardon some of you, We will punish others among you) for not all of you will be forgiven, some will have to taste the torment,

﴿ بِأَنَّہُمۡ ڪَانُواْ مُجۡرِمِينَ

(because they were criminals), they were criminals because of this terrible, sinful statement.

﴿ ٱلۡمُنَـٰفِقُونَ وَٱلۡمُنَـٰفِقَـٰتُ بَعۡضُهُم مِّنۢ بَعۡضٍ۬‌ۚ يَأۡمُرُونَ بِٱلۡمُنڪَرِ وَيَنۡہَوۡنَ عَنِ ٱلۡمَعۡرُوفِ وَيَقۡبِضُونَ أَيۡدِيَہُمۡ‌ۚ نَسُواْ ٱللَّهَ فَنَسِيَہُمۡ‌ۗ إِنَّ ٱلۡمُنَـٰفِقِينَ هُمُ ٱلۡفَـٰسِقُونَ وَعَدَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡمُنَـٰفِقِينَ وَٱلۡمُنَـٰفِقَـٰتِ وَٱلۡكُفَّارَ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ خَـٰلِدِينَ فِيہَا‌ۚ هِىَ حَسۡبُهُمۡ‌ۚ وَلَعَنَهُمُ ٱللَّهُ‌ۖ وَلَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ۬ مُّقِيمٌ۬

(67. The hypocrites, men and women, are one from another; they enjoin evil, and forbid the good, and they close their hands. They have forgotten Allah, so He has forgotten them. Verily, the hypocrites are the rebellious.) (68. Allah has promised the hypocrites -- men and women -- and the disbelievers, the fire of Hell; therein shall they abide. It will suffice them. Allah has cursed them and for them is the lasting torment.)