Allah criticizes those who claim that He has,
(...begotten a son. Glory is to Him! He is Rich (Free of all needs).) He is Greater than that and above it. He is Self-Sufficient, free of want or need of anything. Everything else is in desperate need of Him,
(His is all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth.) So how can He have a son from what He has created Everything and everyone belongs to Him and is His servant.
(No warrant have you for this) Meaning, you have no proof for the lies and falsehood that you claim,
(Do you say against Allah what you know not.) This is a severe threat and a firm warning. Similarly, Allah threatened and said:
(And they say: "The Most Gracious has begotten a son.'' Indeed you have brought forth a terribly evil thing. Whereby the heavens are almost torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains fall in ruins, that they ascribe a son to the Most Gracious. But it is not suitable for the Most Gracious that He should beget a son. There is none in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most Gracious as a servant. Verily, He knows each one of them, and has counted them a full counting. And everyone of them will come to Him alone on the Day of Resurrection.) (19:88-95) Then Allah warned the liars that fabricated the claim that He has begotten a son. He warned that they will not succeed, never prospering in this world or in the Hereafter. In this world Allah will lead them, step-by-step, to their ruin. He will give them respite and put up with them for a while. He will allow them to have little enjoyment,
(then in the end We shall oblige them to (enter) a great torment.)(31:24) As Allah said here:
((A brief) enjoyment in this world!) meaning, only a short period,
(and then unto Us will be their return) on the Day of Resurrection;
(Then We shall make them taste the severest torment because they used to disbelieve.) meaning, `We shall make them taste the painful punishment because of their Kufr and lies about Allah.'
(71. And recite to them the news of Nuh. When he said to his people: "O my people, if my stay (with you), and my reminding (you) of the Ayat of Allah is hard on you, then I put my trust in Allah. So devise your plot, you and your partners, and let not your plot be in confusion for you. Then pass your sentence on me and give me no respite.) (72. "But if you turn away, then no reward have I asked of you, my reward is only from Allah, and I have been commanded to be of the Muslims.'') (73. They denied him, but We delivered him, and those with him in the ship, and We made them generations, replacing one after another, while We drowned those who belied Our Ayat. Then see what was the end of those who were warned.)
Allah instructed His Prophet , saying:
(And recite to them) relate to the disbelievers of the Quraysh who belied you and rejected you,
(the news of Nuh) meaning, his story and news with his people who belied him. Tell them how Allah destroyed them and caused every last one of them all to drown. Let this be a lesson for your people, lest they will be destroyed like them.
(When he said to his people: "O my people, if my stay (with you), and my reminding (you) of the Ayat of Allah is hard on you, then I put my trust in Allah.'') Meaning, `if you find that it is too much of an offense that I should live among you and preach to you the revelation of Allah and His signs and proofs, then I do not care what you think, and I will not stop inviting you.'
(So devise your plot, you and your partners), `get together with all of your deities (idols and statues) that you call upon beside Allah,'
(and let not your plot be in confusion for you) meaning, and do not be confused about this, rather come and let us settle this together if you claim that you are truthful,'
(and give me no respite.) `Do not give me respite even for one hour. Whatever you can do, go ahead and do it. I do not care, and I do not fear you, because you are not standing on anything.' This is similar to what Hud said to his people,
(I call Allah to witness, and you bear witness, that I am free from that which you ascribe as partners in worship with Him (Allah). So plot against me, all of you, and give me no respite. I put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord!) (11:54-55)
(But if you turn away) if you belie the message and turn away from obedience.
(then no reward have I asked of you,) I have not asked you anything for my advice.
(My reward is only from Allah. And I have been commanded to be of the Muslims.) I submit to Islam. Islam is the religion of all of the Prophets from the first to the last. Their laws and their rules may be of different types but the religion is the same. Allah said:
(To each among you, We have prescribed a law and a clear way.)(5:48) Ibn `Abbas said: "A way and a Sunnah.'' Here Nuh is saying:
(and I have been commanded to be of the Muslims.) Allah said about His friend, Ibrahim:
(When his Lord said to him, "Submit (be a Muslim)!'' He said, "I have submitted myself (as a Muslim) to the Lord of all that exists.'' And this was enjoined by Ibrahim upon his sons and by Ya`qub (saying), "O my sons! Allah has chosen for you the (true) religion, then die not except as Muslims.'')(2:131-132) Yusuf said:
(My Lord! You have indeed bestowed on me of the sovereignty, and taught me something of the interpretation of dreams -- the (Only) Creator of the heavens and the earth! You are my Guardian in this world and in the Hereafter. Cause me to die as a Muslim, and join me with the righteous.)(12:101) Musa said:
(O my people! If you have believed in Allah, then put your trust in Him if you are Muslims.)(10:84) The magicians said:
(Our Lord! pour out on us patience, and cause us to die as Muslims.)(7:126) Bilqis said:
(My Lord! Verily, I have wronged myself, and I submit (I have become Muslim) together with Sulayman to Allah, the Lord of all that exists.) (27:44) Allah said:
(Verily, We did send down the Tawrah, therein was guidance and light, by which the Prophets, judged for the Jews.)(5:44) He also said:
(And when I (Allah) inspired Al-Hawariyyin to believe in Me and My Messenger, they said: "We believe. And bear witness that we are Muslims.'') (5:111) The last of the Messengers and the leader of mankind said:
(Verily, my Salah, my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of all that exists. He has no partner. And of this I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims.) (6:162-163) meaning, from this Ummah. He said, in an authentic Hadith:
(We, the Prophets are brothers with (the same father but) different mothers. Our religion is the same,) meaning, `we should worship Allah alone without partners while having different laws.'
(They denied him, but We delivered him, and those with him) meaning on his religion,
(in the (Fulk) ship) Fulk refers to the ark, and,
(We made them generations replacing one after another) on earth,
(while We drowned those who belied Our Ayat. Then see what was the end of those who were warned.) meaning `O Muhammad, see how We saved the believers and destroyed the deniers!'
(74. Then after him We sent Messengers to their people. They brought them clear proofs, but they would not believe what they had already rejected beforehand. Thus We seal the hearts of the transgressors.)
They brought them clear proofs. and evidences of the truth that they came with.
(But they would not believe what they had already rejected beforehand) meaning the nations did not believe what their Messengers brought to them because they already rejected it from the beginning. Allah said:
(And We shall turn their hearts and their eyes away (from guidance).) (6:110) He then said here,
(Thus We seal the hearts of the transgressors.) This means that as Allah has set seals on the hearts of those people, such that they would not believe since they previously rejected faith, He would also set seals on the hearts of the people that are like them, who will come after them. They would not believe until they see the severe torment. This means that Allah destroyed the nations after Nuh. He destroyed the nations that rejected the Messengers and saved those who believed from among them. From the time of Adam to Nuh, people followed Islam. Then they invented the worship of idols. So Allah sent Nuh to them. That is why the believers will say to him on the Day of Resurrection, "You are the first Messenger Allah sent to the people of the earth.'' Ibn `Abbas said: "There were ten generations between Adam and Nuh, and all of them were following Islam.'' Allah also said:
(And how many generations have We destroyed after Nuh!) (17:17) This was a serious warning to the Arab pagans, who rejected the leader and last of the Messengers and Prophets. If the people before them who rejected their Messengers had received this much punishment, then what did they think will happen to them since they perpetrated even greater sins than others before them
(75. Then after them We sent Musa and Harun to Fir`awn and his chiefs with Our Ayat. But they behaved arrogantly and were a people who were criminals.) (76. So when came to them the truth from Us, they said: "This is indeed clear magic.'') (77. Musa said: "Say you (this) about the truth when it has come to you Is this magic But the magicians will never be successful.'') (78. They said: "Have you come to us to turn us away from that we found our fathers following, and that you two may have greatness in the land We are not going to believe you two!'')