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Yusuf's Interpretation of the King's Dream

This is when Yusuf, peace be upon him, told the interpretation of the dream, without criticizing the man for forgetting his request that he had made to him. Neither did he make a precondition that he be released before explaining the meaning. Rather, he said,

﴿ تَزۡرَعُونَ سَبۡعَ سِنِينَ دَأَبً۬ا

(For seven consecutive years, you shall sow as usual) `you will receive the usual amount of rain and fertility for seven consecutive years.' He interpreted the cows to be years, because cows till the land that produce fruits and vegetables, which represent the green ears of corn in the dream. He next recommended what they should do during these fertile years,

﴿ فَمَا حَصَدتُّمۡ فَذَرُوهُ فِى سُنۢبُلِهِۦۤ إِلَّا قَلِيلاً۬ مِّمَّا تَأۡكُلُونَ

(and that (the harvest) which you reap you shall leave it in the ears, (all) except a little of it which you may eat.) He said, `Whatever you harvest during those seven fertile years, leave it in the ears so as to preserve it better. This will help the harvest stay healthy longer, except the amount that you need to eat, which should not be substantial. Stay away from extravagance, so that you use what remains of the harvest during the seven years of drought that will follow the seven fertile years.' This was represented by the seven lean cows that eat the seven fat cows. During the seven years of drought, they will eat from the harvest they collected during the seven fertile years, as represented by the dry ears of corn in the dream. Yusuf told them that during these years, the remaining ears will not produce anything and whatever they try to plant, will not produce any harvest, so he said,

﴿ يَأۡكُلۡنَ مَا قَدَّمۡتُمۡ لَهُنَّ إِلَّا قَلِيلاً۬ مِّمَّا تُحۡصِنُونَ

(which will devour what you have laid by in advance for them, (all) except a little of that which you have guarded (stored).) He delivered the good news to them that after the consecutive years of drought, there will come a fertile year, during which people will receive rain and the land will produce in abundance. The people will then press wine and oil as usual.

﴿ وَقَالَ ٱلۡمَلِكُ ٱئۡتُونِى بِهِۦ‌ۖ فَلَمَّا جَآءَهُ ٱلرَّسُولُ قَالَ ٱرۡجِعۡ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ فَسۡـَٔلۡهُ مَا بَالُ ٱلنِّسۡوَةِ ٱلَّـٰتِى قَطَّعۡنَ أَيۡدِيَہُنَّ‌ۚ إِنَّ رَبِّى بِكَيۡدِهِنَّ عَلِيمٌ۬ قَالَ مَا خَطۡبُكُنَّ إِذۡ رَٲوَدتُّنَّ يُوسُفَ عَن نَّفۡسِهِۦ‌ۚ قُلۡنَ حَـٰشَ لِلَّهِ مَا عَلِمۡنَا عَلَيۡهِ مِن سُوٓءٍ۬‌ۚ قَالَتِ ٱمۡرَأَتُ ٱلۡعَزِيزِ ٱلۡـَٔـٰنَ حَصۡحَصَ ٱلۡحَقُّ أَنَا۟ رَٲوَدتُّهُ ۥ عَن نَّفۡسِهِۦ وَإِنَّهُ ۥ لَمِنَ ٱلصَّـٰدِقِينَ ذَٲلِكَ لِيَعۡلَمَ أَنِّى لَمۡ أَخُنۡهُ بِٱلۡغَيۡبِ وَأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يَہۡدِى كَيۡدَ ٱلۡخَآٮِٕنِينَ وَمَآ أُبَرِّئُ نَفۡسِىٓ‌ۚ إِنَّ ٱلنَّفۡسَ لَأَمَّارَةُۢ بِٱلسُّوٓءِ إِلَّا مَا رَحِمَ رَبِّىٓ‌ۚ إِنَّ رَبِّى غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬

(50. And the king said: "Bring him to me.'' But when the messenger came to him, (Yusuf) said: "Return to your king and ask him, `What happened to the women who cut their hands Surely, my Lord (Allah) is Well-Aware of their plot.''') (51. (The king) said (to the women): "What was your affair when you did seek to seduce Yusuf'' The women said: "Allah forbid! No evil know we against him!'' The wife of the `Aziz said: "Now the truth is manifest (to all); it was I who sought to seduce him, and he is surely of the truthful. '') (52. ﴿Then Yusuf said: "I asked for this inquiry in order that he may know that I betrayed him not in (his) absence.'' And, verily, Allah guides not the plot of the betrayers.) (53. "And I free not myself (from the blame). Verily, the self is inclined to evil, except when my Lord bestows His mercy (upon whom He wills). Verily, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.'')

The King investigates what happened between the Wife of the `Aziz, the Women in the City, and Yusuf

Allah narrates to us that when the king was conveyed the interpretation of his dream, he liked Yusuf's interpretation and felt sure that it was true. He realized the virtue of Prophet Yusuf, recognized his knowledge in the interpretation of dreams and valued his good conduct with his subjects in his country. The king said,

﴿ ٱئۡتُونِى بِهِۦۤ

(Bring him to me.) `Release him from prison and bring him to me.' When the king's emissary came to Yusuf and conveyed the news of his imminent release, Yusuf refused to leave the prison until the king and his subjects declare his innocence and the integrity of his honor, denouncing the false accusation that the wife of the `Aziz made against him. He wanted them to know that sending him to prison was an act of injustice and aggression, not that he committed an offense that warranted it. He said,

﴿ ٱرۡجِعۡ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ

(Return to your lord (i.e. king...) The Sunnah of our Prophet praised Prophet Yusuf and asserted his virtues, honor, elevated rank and patience, may Allah's peace and blessings be on him. The Musnad and the Two Sahihs recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

« نَحْنُ أَحَقُّ بِالشَّكِّ مِنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِذْ قَال »

(We are more liable to be in doubt than Ibrahim when he said,)

﴿ رَبِّ أَرِنِى ڪَيۡفَ تُحۡىِ ٱلۡمَوۡتَىٰ‌ۖ

(My Lord! Show me how You give life to the dead. ..)

« وَيَرْحَمُ اللهُ لُوطًا لَقَدْ كَانَ يَأْوِي إِلَى رُكْنٍ شَدِيدٍ، وَلَوْ لَبِثْتُ فِي السِّجْنِ مَا لَبِثَ يُوسُفُ لَأَجَبْتُ الدَّاعِي »

(And may Allah send His mercy on Lut! He wished to have powerful support! If I were to stay in prison for such a long time as Yusuf did, I would have accepted the offer.) In another narration collected by Ahmad from Abu Hurayrah, the Prophet said about Yusuf's statement,

﴿ فَسۡـَٔلۡهُ مَا بَالُ ٱلنِّسۡوَةِ ٱلَّـٰتِى قَطَّعۡنَ أَيۡدِيَہُنَّ‌ۚ إِنَّ رَبِّى بِكَيۡدِهِنَّ عَلِيمٌ۬

("...and ask him, `What happened to the women who cut their hands Surely, my Lord (Allah) is Well-Aware of their plot.''')

« لَوْ كُنْتُ أَنَا، لَأَسْرَعْتُ الْإِجَابَةَ وَمَا ابْتَغَيْتُ الْعُذْر »

(If it was me, I would have accepted the offer rather than await my exoneration first.) Allah said (that the king asked),

﴿ قَالَ مَا خَطۡبُكُنَّ إِذۡ رَٲوَدتُّنَّ يُوسُفَ عَن نَّفۡسِهِۦ‌ۚ

(He said, "What was your affair when you did seek to seduce Yusuf'') The king gathered those women who cut their hands, while being hosted at the house of the wife of the `Aziz. He asked them all, even though he was directing his speech at the wife of his minister, the `Aziz in particular. He asked the women who cut their hands,

﴿ مَا خَطۡبُكُنَّ

(What was your affair...), what was your story with regards to,

﴿ إِذۡ رَٲوَدتُّنَّ يُوسُفَ عَن نَّفۡسِهِۦ‌ۚ

(when you did seek to seduce Yusuf) on the day of the banquet

﴿ قُلۡنَ حَـٰشَ لِلَّهِ مَا عَلِمۡنَا عَلَيۡهِ مِن سُوٓءٍ۬‌ۚ

(The women said: "Allah forbid! No evil know we against him!'') The women answered the king, `Allah forbid that Yusuf be guilty of this, for by Allah, we never knew him to do evil.' This is when,

﴿ قَالَتِ ٱمۡرَأَتُ ٱلۡعَزِيزِ ٱلۡـَٔـٰنَ حَصۡحَصَ ٱلۡحَقُّ

(The wife of the `Aziz said: "Now the truth has Hashasa...'') or the truth is manifest to all, according to Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid and others. Hashasa also means, `became clear and plain',

﴿ أَنَا۟ رَٲوَدتُّهُ ۥ عَن نَّفۡسِهِۦ وَإِنَّهُ ۥ لَمِنَ ٱلصَّـٰدِقِينَ

(it was I who sought to seduce him, and he is surely of the truthful.) when he said,

﴿ هِىَ رَٲوَدَتۡنِى عَن نَّفۡسِى‌ۚ

(It was she that sought to seduce me.)

﴿ ذَٲلِكَ لِيَعۡلَمَ أَنِّى لَمۡ أَخُنۡهُ بِٱلۡغَيۡبِ

(in order that he may know that I betrayed him not in (his) absence. ) She said, `I admit this against myself so that my husband knows that I did not betray him in his absence and that adultery did not occur. I tried to seduce this young man and he refused, and I am admitting this so that he knows I am innocent,'

﴿ وَأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يَہۡدِى كَيۡدَ ٱلۡخَآٮِٕنِينَ وَمَآ أُبَرِّئُ نَفۡسِىٓ‌ۚ

(And, verily, Allah guides not the plot of the betrayers. And I free not myself (from the blame).) She said, `I do not exonerate myself from blame, because the soul wishes and lusts, and this is what made me seduce him,' for,

﴿ ٱلنَّفۡسَ لَأَمَّارَةُۢ بِٱلسُّوٓءِ إِلَّا مَا رَحِمَ رَبِّىٓ‌ۚ

(Verily, the (human) self is inclined to evil, except when my Lord bestows His mercy (upon whom He wills).) whom Allah the Exalted wills to grant them immunity,

﴿ إِنَّ رَبِّى غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬

(Verily, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.) This is the most viable and suitable understanding for the continuity of the story and the meanings of Arabic speech. Al-Mawardi mentioned this in his Tafsir, in support of it, it was also preferred by Imam Abu Al-`Abbas Ibn Taymiyyah who wrote about it in detail in a separate work. It was said Yusuf peace be upon him is the one who said,

﴿ ذَٲلِكَ لِيَعۡلَمَ أَنِّى لَمۡ أَخُنۡهُ

(in order that he (the `Aziz) may know that I betrayed him not) with his wife,

﴿ بِٱلۡغَيۡبِ

(in (his) absence).) until the end of Ayah (53) He said, `I sent back the emissary, so that the king would investigate my innocence and the `Aziz be certain that,

﴿ أَنِّى لَمۡ أَخُنۡهُ

(I betrayed him not), with his wife,

﴿ بِٱلۡغَيۡبِ وَأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يَہۡدِى كَيۡدَ ٱلۡخَآٮِٕنِينَ

(in (his) absence. And, verily, Allah guides not the plot of the betrayers.)' This is the only explanation presented by Ibn Jarir At-Tabari and Ibn Abi Hatim, but the first view is stronger and more obvious because it is a continuation of what the wife of the `Aziz said in the presence of the king. Yusuf was not present at all during this time, for he was released later on and brought to the king by his order.

﴿ وَقَالَ ٱلۡمَلِكُ ٱئۡتُونِى بِهِۦۤ أَسۡتَخۡلِصۡهُ لِنَفۡسِى‌ۖ فَلَمَّا كَلَّمَهُ ۥ قَالَ إِنَّكَ ٱلۡيَوۡمَ لَدَيۡنَا مَكِينٌ أَمِينٌ۬ قَالَ ٱجۡعَلۡنِى عَلَىٰ خَزَآٮِٕنِ ٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۖ إِنِّى حَفِيظٌ عَلِيمٌ۬

(54. And the king said: "Bring him to me that I may attach him to my person.'' Then, when he spoke to him, he said: "Verily, this day, you are with us high in rank and fully trusted.'') (55. Yusuf said: "Set me over the storehouses of the land; I will indeed guard them with full knowledge.'')

Yusuf's Rank with the King of Egypt

Allah states that when he became aware of Yusuf's innocence and his innocence of what he was accused of, the king said,

﴿ ٱئۡتُونِى بِهِۦۤ أَسۡتَخۡلِصۡهُ لِنَفۡسِى‌ۖ

(Bring him to me that I may attach him to my person.), `that I may make him among my close aids and associates,'

﴿ فَلَمَّا كَلَّمَهُ ۥ

(Then, when he spoke to him), when the king spoke to Yusuf and further recognized his virtues, great ability, brilliance, good conduct and perfect mannerism, he said to him,

﴿ إِنَّكَ ٱلۡيَوۡمَ لَدَيۡنَا مَكِينٌ أَمِينٌ۬

(Verily, this day, you are with us high in rank and fully trusted.) The king said to Yusuf, `You have assumed an exalted status with us and are indeed fully trusted.' Yusuf, peace be upon him said,

﴿ ٱجۡعَلۡنِى عَلَىٰ خَزَآٮِٕنِ ٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۖ إِنِّى حَفِيظٌ عَلِيمٌ۬

(Set me over the storehouses of the land; I will indeed guard them with full knowledge.) Yusuf praised himself, for this is allowed when one's abilities are unknown and there is a need to do so. He said that he is,

﴿ حَفِيظٌ

(Hafiz), an honest guard,

﴿ عَلِيمٌ۬

(`Alim), having knowledge and wisdom about the job he is to be entrusted with. Prophet Yusuf asked the king to appoint him as minister of finance for the land, responsible for the harvest storehouses, in which they would collect produce for the years of drought which he told them will come. He wanted to be the guard, so that he could dispense the harvest in the wisest, best and most beneficial way. The king accepted Yusuf's offer, for he was eager to draw Yusuf close to him and to honor him. So Allah said,

﴿ وَكَذَٲلِكَ مَكَّنَّا لِيُوسُفَ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ يَتَبَوَّأُ مِنۡہَا حَيۡثُ يَشَآءُ‌ۚ نُصِيبُ بِرَحۡمَتِنَا مَن نَّشَآءُ‌ۖ وَلَا نُضِيعُ أَجۡرَ ٱلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ وَلَأَجۡرُ ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ خَيۡرٌ۬ لِّلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَكَانُواْ يَتَّقُونَ

(56. Thus did We give full authority to Yusuf in the land, to take possession therein, when or where he likes. We bestow of Our mercy on whom We will, and We make not to be lost the reward of the good doers.) (57. And verily, the reward of the Hereafter is better for those who believed and had Taqwa.)

Yusuf's Reign in Egypt

Allah said next,

﴿ وَكَذَٲلِكَ مَكَّنَّا لِيُوسُفَ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ

(Thus did We give full authority to Yusuf in the land), in Egypt,

﴿ يَتَبَوَّأُ مِنۡہَا حَيۡثُ يَشَآءُ‌ۚ

(to take possession therein, when or where he likes.) As-Suddi and `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said that this part of the Ayah means, "To do whatever he wants therein.'' Ibn Jarir at Tabari said that it means, "He used to move about freely in the land after being imprisoned, suffering from hardship and the disgrace of slavery.'' Allah said next,

﴿ نُصِيبُ بِرَحۡمَتِنَا مَن نَّشَآءُ‌ۖ وَلَا نُضِيعُ أَجۡرَ ٱلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ

(We bestow of Our mercy on whom We will, and We make not to be lost the reward of the good doers.) Allah says here, We did not let the patience of Yusuf, from the harm his brothers exerted on him and being imprisoned because of the wife of the `Aziz, to be lost. Instead, Allah the Exalted and Most Honored rewarded him with His aid and victory,

﴿ وَكَذَٲلِكَ مَكَّنَّا لِيُوسُفَ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ يَتَبَوَّأُ مِنۡہَا حَيۡثُ يَشَآءُ‌ۚ نُصِيبُ بِرَحۡمَتِنَا مَن نَّشَآءُ‌ۖ وَلَا نُضِيعُ أَجۡرَ ٱلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ وَلَأَجۡرُ ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ خَيۡرٌ۬ لِّلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَكَانُواْ يَتَّقُونَ

(And We make not to be lost the reward of the good doers. And verily, the reward of the Hereafter is better for those who believed and had Taqwa.) Allah states that what He has prepared for His Prophet Yusuf, peace be upon him, in the Hereafter is much greater, substantial and honored than the authority He gave him in this life. Allah said about His Prophet Sulayman (Solomon), peace be upon him,

﴿ هَـٰذَا عَطَآؤُنَا فَٱمۡنُنۡ أَوۡ أَمۡسِكۡ بِغَيۡرِ حِسَابٍ۬ وَإِنَّ لَهُ ۥ عِندَنَا لَزُلۡفَىٰ وَحُسۡنَ مَـَٔابٍ۬

("This is Our gift, so spend or withhold, no account will be asked of you.'' And verily, for him is a near access to Us, and a good (final) return (Paradise).) (38:39-40) Yusuf, peace be upon him, was appointed minister of finance by Ar-Rayyan bin Al-Walid, king of Egypt at the time, instead of the `Aziz who bought him and the husband of she who tried to seduce him. The king of Egypt embraced Islam at the hands of Yusuf, peace be upon him, according to Mujahid.

﴿ وَجَآءَ إِخۡوَةُ يُوسُفَ فَدَخَلُواْ عَلَيۡهِ فَعَرَفَهُمۡ وَهُمۡ لَهُ ۥ مُنكِرُونَ وَلَمَّا جَهَّزَهُم بِجَهَازِهِمۡ قَالَ ٱئۡتُونِى بِأَخٍ۬ لَّكُم مِّنۡ أَبِيكُمۡ‌ۚ أَلَا تَرَوۡنَ أَنِّىٓ أُوفِى ٱلۡكَيۡلَ وَأَنَا۟ خَيۡرُ ٱلۡمُنزِلِينَ فَإِن لَّمۡ تَأۡتُونِى بِهِۦ فَلَا كَيۡلَ لَكُمۡ عِندِى وَلَا تَقۡرَبُونِ قَالُواْ سَنُرَٲوِدُ عَنۡهُ أَبَاهُ وَإِنَّا لَفَـٰعِلُونَ وَقَالَ لِفِتۡيَـٰنِهِ ٱجۡعَلُواْ بِضَـٰعَتَہُمۡ فِى رِحَالِهِمۡ لَعَلَّهُمۡ يَعۡرِفُونَہَآ إِذَا ٱنقَلَبُوٓاْ إِلَىٰٓ أَهۡلِهِمۡ لَعَلَّهُمۡ يَرۡجِعُونَ

(58. And Yusuf's brethren came and they entered unto him, and he recognized them, but they recognized him not.) (59. And when he furnished them with their provisions, he said: "Bring me a brother of yours from your father. See you not that I give full measure, and that I am the best of the hosts'') (60. "But if you bring him not to me, there shall be no measure (of corn) for you with me, nor shall you come near me.'') (61. They said: "We shall try to get permission (for him) from his father, and verily, we shall do it.'') (62. And (Yusuf) told his servants to put their money into their bags, so that they might know it when they go back to their people; in order that they might come again.)

Yusuf's Brothers travel to Egypt

As-Suddi, Muhammad bin Ishaq and several others said that the reason why Yusuf's brothers went to Egypt, is that after Yusuf became minister of Egypt and the seven years of abundance passed, then came the seven years of drought that struck all areas of Egypt. The drought also reached the area of Kana`an (Canaan), where Prophet Ya`qub, peace be upon him, and his children resided. Prophet Yusuf efficiently guarded the people's harvest and collected it, and what he collected became a great fortune for the people. This also permitted Yusuf to give gifts to the people who sought his aid from various areas who came to buy food and provisions for their families. Yusuf would not give a family man more than whatever a camel could carry, as annual provisions for them. Yusuf himself did not fill his stomach from this food, nor did the king and his aids eat except one meal a day. By doing so, the people could sustain themselves with what they had for the remainder of the seven years. Indeed, Yusuf was a mercy from Allah sent to the people of Egypt. Yusuf's brothers were among those who came to Egypt to buy food supplies, by the order of their father. They knew that the `Aziz of Egypt was selling food to people who need it for a low price, so they took some merchandise from their land with them to exchange it for food. They were ten, because Ya`qub peace be upon him kept his son and Yusuf's brother Binyamin with him. Binyamin was the dearest of his sons to him after Yusuf. When Prophet Yusuf's brothers entered on him in his court and the center of his authority, he knew them the minute he saw them. However, they did not recognize him because they got rid of him when he was still young, and sold him to a caravan of travelers while unaware of their destination. They could not have imagined that Yusuf would end up being a minister, and this is why they did not recognize him, while he did recognize them. As-Suddi said that Yusuf started talking to his brothers and asked them, "What brought you to my land'' They said, "O, `Aziz, we came to buy provisions.'' He asked them, "You might be spies.'' They said, "Allah forbids.'' He asked them, "Where are you from'' They said, "From the area of Kana`an, and our father is Allah's Prophet Ya`qub.'' He asked them, "Does he have other children besides you'' They said, "Yes, we were twelve brothers. Our youngest died in the desert, and he used to be the dearest to his father. His full brother is alive and his father kept him, so that his closeness compensates him for losing our youngest brother (who died).'' Yusuf ordered that his brothers be honored and allowed to remain,

﴿ وَلَمَّا جَهَّزَهُم بِجَهَازِهِمۡ

(And when he furnished them with their provisions,) according to their needs and gave them what they wanted to buy, he said to them, "Bring me your brother from your father's side whom you mentioned, so that I know that you have told me the truth.'' He continued,

﴿ أَلَا تَرَوۡنَ أَنِّىٓ أُوفِى ٱلۡكَيۡلَ وَأَنَا۟ خَيۡرُ ٱلۡمُنزِلِينَ

(See you not that I give full measure, and that I am the best of the hosts) encouraging them to return to him. He then threatened them,

﴿ فَإِن لَّمۡ تَأۡتُونِى بِهِۦ فَلَا كَيۡلَ لَكُمۡ عِندِى

(But if you bring him not to me, there shall be no measure (of corn) for you with me.) He threatened them that if the next time they come without Binyamin with them, they will not be allowed to buy the food that they need,

﴿ فَإِن لَّمۡ تَأۡتُونِى بِهِۦ فَلَا كَيۡلَ لَكُمۡ عِندِى وَلَا تَقۡرَبُونِ قَالُواْ سَنُرَٲوِدُ عَنۡهُ أَبَاهُ وَإِنَّا لَفَـٰعِلُونَ

("...nor shall you come near me.'' They said: "We shall try to get permission (for him) from his father, and verily, we shall do it.'') They said, `We will try our best to bring him with us, so that we spare no effort to prove to you that we are truthful in what we told you about ourselves.' Allah said,

﴿ وَقَالَ لِفِتۡيَـٰنِهِ

(And (Yusuf) told his servants), or his slaves,

﴿ ٱجۡعَلُواْ بِضَـٰعَتَہُمۡ

(to put their money), or the merchandise they brought with them to exchange for food,

﴿ فِى رِحَالِهِمۡ

(into their bags,), while they were unaware,

﴿ لَعَلَّهُمۡ يَرۡجِعُونَ

(in order that they might come again.) It was said that Yusuf did this because he feared that his brothers might not have any more merchandise they could bring with them to exchange for food.

﴿ فَلَمَّا رَجَعُوٓاْ إِلَىٰٓ أَبِيهِمۡ قَالُواْ يَـٰٓأَبَانَا مُنِعَ مِنَّا ٱلۡكَيۡلُ فَأَرۡسِلۡ مَعَنَآ أَخَانَا نَڪۡتَلۡ وَإِنَّا لَهُ ۥ لَحَـٰفِظُونَ قَالَ هَلۡ ءَامَنُكُمۡ عَلَيۡهِ إِلَّا ڪَمَآ أَمِنتُكُمۡ عَلَىٰٓ أَخِيهِ مِن قَبۡلُ‌ۖ فَٱللَّهُ خَيۡرٌ حَـٰفِظً۬ا‌ۖ وَهُوَ أَرۡحَمُ ٱلرَّٲحِمِينَ

(63. So, when they returned to their father, they said: "O our father! No more measure of grain shall we get (unless we take our brother). So send our brother with us, and we shall get our measure and truly, we will guard him.'') (64. He said: "Can I entrust him to you except as I entrusted his brother (Yusuf) to you aforetime But Allah is the Best to guard, and He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.'')