;
Yusuf's Brothers accuse Him of Theft!

After Yusuf's brothers saw that the king's bowl was taken out of Binyamin's bag, they said,

﴿ إِن يَسۡرِقۡ فَقَدۡ سَرَقَ أَخٌ۬ لَّهُ ۥ مِن قَبۡلُ‌ۚ

(If he steals, there was a brother of his who did steal before.) They tried to show themselves as innocent from being like Binyamin, saying that he did just like a brother of his did beforehand, meaning Yusuf (peace be upon him)! Allah said,

﴿ فَأَسَرَّهَا يُوسُفُ فِى نَفۡسِهِۦ

(But these things did Yusuf keep in himself), meaning the statement that he said afterwards,

﴿ أَنتُمۡ شَرٌّ۬ مَّڪَانً۬ا‌ۖ وَٱللَّهُ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَا تَصِفُونَ

(You are in an evil situation, and Allah is the Best Knower of that which you describe!) Yusuf said this to himself and did not utter it aloud, thus intending to hide what he wanted to say to himself even before he said it. Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn `Abbas said about Allah's statement,

﴿ فَأَسَرَّهَا يُوسُفُ فِى نَفۡسِهِۦ

(But these things did Yusuf keep in himself), "He kept in himself ﴿his statement next,

﴿ أَنتُمۡ شَرٌّ۬ مَّڪَانً۬ا‌ۖ وَٱللَّهُ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَا تَصِفُونَ

(You are in an evil situation, and Allah is the Best Knower of that which you describe!).''

﴿ قَالُواْ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلۡعَزِيزُ إِنَّ لَهُ ۥۤ أَبً۬ا شَيۡخً۬ا كَبِيرً۬ا فَخُذۡ أَحَدَنَا مَڪَانَهُ ۥۤ‌ۖ إِنَّا نَرَٮٰكَ مِنَ ٱلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ قَالَ مَعَاذَ ٱللَّهِ أَن نَّأۡخُذَ إِلَّا مَن وَجَدۡنَا مَتَـٰعَنَا عِندَهُ ۥۤ إِنَّآ إِذً۬ا لَّظَـٰلِمُونَ

(78. They said: "O `Aziz! Verily, he has an old father (who will grieve for him); so take one of us in his place. Indeed we think that you are one of the doers of good.'') (79. He said: "Allah forbid, that we should take anyone but him with whom we found our property. Indeed (if we did so), we should be wrongdoers.'')

Yusuf's Brothers offer taking One of Them instead of Binyamin as a Slave, Yusuf rejects the Offer

When it was decided that Benyamin was to be taken and kept with Yusuf according to the law they adhered by, Yusuf's brothers started requesting clemency and raising compassion in his heart for them,

﴿ قَالُواْ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلۡعَزِيزُ إِنَّ لَهُ ۥۤ أَبً۬ا شَيۡخً۬ا كَبِيرً۬ا

(They said, "O `Aziz! Verily, he has an old father...'') who loves him very much and is comforted by his presence from the son that he lost,

﴿ فَخُذۡ أَحَدَنَا مَڪَانَهُ ۥۤ‌ۖ

(so take one of us in his place.), instead of Binyamin to remain with you,

﴿ إِنَّا نَرَٮٰكَ مِنَ ٱلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ

(Indeed we think that you are one of the doers of good.), the good doers, just, and accepting fairness,

﴿ قَالَ مَعَاذَ ٱللَّهِ أَن نَّأۡخُذَ إِلَّا مَن وَجَدۡنَا مَتَـٰعَنَا عِندَهُ ۥۤ

(He said: "Allah forbid, that we should take anyone but him with whom we found our property...''), `according to the judgment that you gave for his punishment,

﴿ إِنَّآ إِذً۬ا لَّظَـٰلِمُونَ

(Indeed, we should be wrongdoers.), if we take an innocent man instead of the guilty man. '

﴿ فَلَمَّا ٱسۡتَيۡـَٔسُواْ مِنۡهُ خَلَصُواْ نَجِيًّ۬ا‌ۖ قَالَ ڪَبِيرُهُمۡ أَلَمۡ تَعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّ أَبَاكُمۡ قَدۡ أَخَذَ عَلَيۡكُم مَّوۡثِقً۬ا مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ وَمِن قَبۡلُ مَا فَرَّطتُمۡ فِى يُوسُفَ‌ۖ فَلَنۡ أَبۡرَحَ ٱلۡأَرۡضَ حَتَّىٰ يَأۡذَنَ لِىٓ أَبِىٓ أَوۡ يَحۡكُمَ ٱللَّهُ لِى‌ۖ وَهُوَ خَيۡرُ ٱلۡحَـٰكِمِينَ ٱرۡجِعُوٓاْ إِلَىٰٓ أَبِيكُمۡ فَقُولُواْ يَـٰٓأَبَانَآ إِنَّ ٱبۡنَكَ سَرَقَ وَمَا شَہِدۡنَآ إِلَّا بِمَا عَلِمۡنَا وَمَا ڪُنَّا لِلۡغَيۡبِ حَـٰفِظِينَ وَسۡـَٔلِ ٱلۡقَرۡيَةَ ٱلَّتِى ڪُنَّا فِيہَا وَٱلۡعِيرَ ٱلَّتِىٓ أَقۡبَلۡنَا فِيہَا‌ۖ وَإِنَّا لَصَـٰدِقُونَ

(80. So, when they despaired of him, they consulted in private. The eldest among them said: "Know you not that your father did take an oath from you in Allah's Name, and before this you did fail in your duty with Yusuf Therefore I will not leave this land until my father permits me, or Allah decides my case and He is the Best of the judges.) (81. "Return to your father and say, `O our father! Verily, your son has stolen, and we testify not except according to what we know, and we could not know the Unseen!) (82. "And ask (the people of) the town where we have been, and the caravan in which we returned; and indeed we are telling the truth.'')

Yusuf's Brothers consult Each Other in Confidence; the Advice Their Eldest Brother gave Them

Allah narrates to us that Yusuf's brothers were desperate because they could not secure the release of their brother Binyamin, even though they had given a promise and sworn to their father to bring him back. They were unable to fulfill their promise to their father, so,

﴿ خَلَصُواْ

(in private), away from people's eyes,

﴿ نَجِيًّ۬ا‌ۖ

(they consulted), among themselves,

﴿ قَالَ ڪَبِيرُهُمۡ

(The eldest among them said), and his name, as we mentioned, was Rubil, or Yahudha. He was the one among them who recommended throwing Yusuf into a well, rather than killing him. So Rubil said to them,

﴿ أَلَمۡ تَعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّ أَبَاكُمۡ قَدۡ أَخَذَ عَلَيۡكُم مَّوۡثِقً۬ا مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ

(Know you not that your father did take an oath from you in Allah's Name,) that you will return Binyamin to him However, you were not able to fulfill this promise and, before you caused Yusuf to be lost from his father,

﴿ فَلَنۡ أَبۡرَحَ ٱلۡأَرۡضَ

(Therefore I will not leave this land), I will not leave Egypt,

﴿ حَتَّىٰ يَأۡذَنَ لِىٓ أَبِىٓ

(until my father permits me,) allows me to go back to him while he is pleased with me,

﴿ أَوۡ يَحۡكُمَ ٱللَّهُ لِى‌ۖ

(or Allah decides my case) by using the sword, or, they says; by allowing me to secure the release of my brother,

﴿ وَهُوَ خَيۡرُ ٱلۡحَـٰكِمِينَ

(and He is the Best of the judges.), He next ordered them to narrate to their father what happened so that they could present their excuse about that happened to Binyamin and as claim their innocence before him. Rubil said to them (to say to their father),

﴿ وَمَا ڪُنَّا لِلۡغَيۡبِ حَـٰفِظِينَ

(and we could not know the Unseen!) or, `we did not know that your son had committed theft,' according to Qatadah and `Ikrimah. `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said that it means, `we did not know that Binyamin stole something that belonged to the king, we only stated the punishment of the thief,'

﴿ وَسۡـَٔلِ ٱلۡقَرۡيَةَ ٱلَّتِى ڪُنَّا فِيہَا

(And ask (the people of) the town where we have been,), in reference to Egypt, according to Qatadah, or another town.

﴿ وَٱلۡعِيرَ ٱلَّتِىٓ أَقۡبَلۡنَا فِيہَا‌ۖ

(and the caravan in which we returned), `about our truthfulness, honesty, protection and sincere guardianship,

﴿ وَإِنَّا لَصَـٰدِقُونَ

(and indeed we are telling the truth.) in what we have told you, that Binyamin stole and was taken as a captive as compensation for his theft.'

﴿ قَالَ بَلۡ سَوَّلَتۡ لَكُمۡ أَنفُسُكُمۡ أَمۡرً۬ا‌ۖ فَصَبۡرٌ۬ جَمِيلٌ‌ۖ عَسَى ٱللَّهُ أَن يَأۡتِيَنِى بِهِمۡ جَمِيعًا‌ۚ إِنَّهُ ۥ هُوَ ٱلۡعَلِيمُ ٱلۡحَڪِيمُ وَتَوَلَّىٰ عَنۡہُمۡ وَقَالَ يَـٰٓأَسَفَىٰ عَلَىٰ يُوسُفَ وَٱبۡيَضَّتۡ عَيۡنَاهُ مِنَ ٱلۡحُزۡنِ فَهُوَ كَظِيمٌ۬ قَالُواْ تَٱللَّهِ تَفۡتَؤُاْ تَذۡڪُرُ يُوسُفَ حَتَّىٰ تَكُونَ حَرَضًا أَوۡ تَكُونَ مِنَ ٱلۡهَـٰلِكِينَ قَالَ إِنَّمَآ أَشۡكُواْ بَثِّى وَحُزۡنِىٓ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ وَأَعۡلَمُ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ مَا لَا تَعۡلَمُونَ

(83. He [Ya`qub] said: "Nay, but your own selves have beguiled you into something. So patience is most fitting (for me). May be Allah will bring them (back) all to me. Truly, He! Only He is All-Knowing, All-Wise.'') (84. And he turned away from them and said: "Alas, my grief for Yusuf!'' And he lost his sight because of the sorrow that he was suppressing.) (85. They said: "By Allah! You will never cease remembering Yusuf until you become weak with old age, or until you be of the dead.'') (86. He said: "I only complain of my grief and sorrow to Allah, and I know from Allah that which you know not.'')