;
Meaning of, "They put Their Hands in Their Mouths"

Allah said next,

﴿ فَرَدُّوٓاْ أَيۡدِيَهُمۡ فِىٓ أَفۡوَٲهِهِمۡ

(but they put their hands in their mouths) It is said that they pointed to the Messengers' mouths asking them to stop calling them to Allah, the Exalted and Most Honored. It is also said that it means, they placed their hands on their mouths in denial of the Messengers. It was also said that it means that they did not answer the call of the Messengers, or they were biting their hands in rage. Mujahid, Muhammad bin Ka`b and Qatadah said that they belied the Messengers and refuted their call with their mouths. I (Ibn Kathir) say that Mujahid's Tafsir is supported by the completion of the narrative,

﴿ وَقَالُوٓاْ إِنَّا كَفَرۡنَا بِمَآ أُرۡسِلۡتُم بِهِۦ وَإِنَّا لَفِى شَكٍّ۬ مِّمَّا تَدۡعُونَنَآ إِلَيۡهِ مُرِيبٍ۬

(and said: "Verily, we disbelieve in that with which you have been sent, and we are really in grave doubt as to that to which you invite us.'') Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn `Abbas said, "When they heard Allah's Word, they were amazed and placed their hands on their mouths,''

﴿ وَقَالُوٓاْ إِنَّا كَفَرۡنَا بِمَآ أُرۡسِلۡتُم بِهِۦ

(and said: "Verily, we disbelieve in that with which you have been sent.'') They said, We do not believe what you brought us, and have strong doubt in its authenticity. '

﴿ قَالَتۡ رُسُلُهُمۡ أَفِى ٱللَّهِ شَكٌّ۬ فَاطِرِ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۖ يَدۡعُوكُمۡ لِيَغۡفِرَ لَڪُم مِّن ذُنُوبِكُمۡ وَيُؤَخِّرَڪُمۡ إِلَىٰٓ أَجَلٍ۬ مُّسَمًّ۬ى‌ۚ قَالُوٓاْ إِنۡ أَنتُمۡ إِلَّا بَشَرٌ۬ مِّثۡلُنَا تُرِيدُونَ أَن تَصُدُّونَا عَمَّا كَانَ يَعۡبُدُ ءَابَآؤُنَا فَأۡتُونَا بِسُلۡطَـٰنٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ۬ قَالَتۡ لَهُمۡ رُسُلُهُمۡ إِن نَّحۡنُ إِلَّا بَشَرٌ۬ مِّثۡلُڪُمۡ وَلَـٰكِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَمُنُّ عَلَىٰ مَن يَشَآءُ مِنۡ عِبَادِهِۦ‌ۖ وَمَا كَانَ لَنَآ أَن نَّأۡتِيَكُم بِسُلۡطَـٰنٍ إِلَّا بِإِذۡنِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ وَعَلَى ٱللَّهِ فَلۡيَتَوَڪَّلِ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ وَمَا لَنَآ أَلَّا نَتَوَڪَّلَ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ وَقَدۡ هَدَٮٰنَا سُبُلَنَا‌ۚ وَلَنَصۡبِرَنَّ عَلَىٰ مَآ ءَاذَيۡتُمُونَا‌ۚ وَعَلَى ٱللَّهِ فَلۡيَتَوَكَّلِ ٱلۡمُتَوَكِّلُونَ

(10. Their Messengers said: "(What!) Can there be a doubt about Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth He calls you that He may forgive you of your sins and give you respite for a term appointed.'' They said: "You are no more than human beings like us! You wish to turn us away from what our fathers used to worship. Then bring us a clear authority.'') (11. Their Messengers said to them: "We are no more than human beings like you, but Allah bestows His grace to whom He wills of His servants. It is not ours to bring you an authority (proof) except by the permission of Allah. And in Allah (alone) let the believers put their trust.'') (12. "And why should we not put our trust in Allah while He indeed has guided us in our ways And we shall certainly bear with patience all the hurt you may cause us, and in Allah (alone) let those who trust, put their trust.'')

The Argument between the Prophets and the Disbelievers

Allah narrates to us the arguments that ensued between the disbelievers and their Messengers. When their nations doubted the Message of worshipping Allah alone without partners, the Messengers said,

﴿ أَفِى ٱللَّهِ شَكٌّ۬

((What!) Can there be a doubt about Allah...) about His Lordship and having the exclusive right to be worshipped alone, being the only Creator of all creatures Verily, none besides Allah is worthy of worship, alone without partners with Him. Most nations were, and still are, affirming the existence of the Creator, but they call upon intermediaries besides Him whom they think will benefit them or bring them closer to Allah. Their Messengers said to them,

﴿ يَدۡعُوكُمۡ لِيَغۡفِرَ لَڪُم مِّن ذُنُوبِكُمۡ

(He calls you that He may forgive you of your sins) in the Hereafter,

﴿ وَيُؤَخِّرۡكُمۡ إِلَىٰٓ أَجَلٍ۬ مُّسَمًّى‌ۚ

(and give you respite for a term appointed.), in this worldly life. Allah said in other Ayat,

﴿ وَأَنِ ٱسۡتَغۡفِرُواْ رَبَّكُمۡ ثُمَّ تُوبُوٓاْ إِلَيۡهِ يُمَتِّعۡكُم مَّتَـٰعًا حَسَنًا إِلَىٰٓ أَجَلٍ۬ مُّسَمًّ۬ى وَيُؤۡتِ كُلَّ ذِى فَضۡلٍ۬ فَضۡلَهُ ۥ‌ۖ

(Seek the forgiveness of your Lord, and turn to Him in repentance, that He may grant you good enjoyment, for a term appointed, and bestow His abounding grace to every owner of grace.)(10:3) However, their nations went on arguing against their prophethood, after they had to submit to the first evidence (that Allah Alone created everything).

Disbelievers reject Prophethood because the Messengers were Humans!

Their nations said,

﴿ إِنۡ أَنتُمۡ إِلَّا بَشَرٌ۬ مِّثۡلُنَا

(You are no more than human beings like us!) so why should we follow you just because you say so, even though we did not witness a miracle by your hands,

﴿ فَأۡتُونَا بِسُلۡطَـٰنٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ۬

(Then bring us a clear authority.), a miracle of our choice.

﴿ قَالَتۡ لَهُمۡ رُسُلُهُمۡ إِن نَّحۡنُ إِلَّا بَشَرٌ۬ مِّثۡلُڪُمۡ

(Their Messengers said to them: "We are no more than human beings like you...'') affirming that truly, they were only human being like their nations,

﴿ وَلَـٰكِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَمُنُّ عَلَىٰ مَن يَشَآءُ مِنۡ عِبَادِهِۦ‌ۖ

(but Allah bestows His grace to whom He wills of His servants.), with prophethood and messengership which is His choice,

﴿ وَمَا كَانَ لَنَآ أَن نَّأۡتِيَكُم بِسُلۡطَـٰنٍ

(It is not ours to bring you an authority) according to your choice,

﴿ إِلَّا بِإِذۡنِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ

((except by the permission of Allah.), after we beg Him and He provides us with a miracle,

﴿ وَعَلَى ٱللَّهِ فَلۡيَتَوَڪَّلِ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ

(And in Allah (alone) let the believers put their trust.) in all their affairs. Their Messengers said to them next,

﴿ وَمَا لَنَآ أَلَّا نَتَوَڪَّلَ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ

(And why should we not put our trust in Allah), after He had guided us to the best, most clear and plain way,

﴿ وَلَنَصۡبِرَنَّ عَلَىٰ مَآ ءَاذَيۡتُمُونَا‌ۚ

(And we shall certainly bear with patience all the hurt you may cause us), such as foolish actions and abusive statements,

﴿ وَعَلَى ٱللَّهِ فَلۡيَتَوَكَّلِ ٱلۡمُتَوَكِّلُونَ

(and in Allah (alone) let those who trust, put their trust.)

﴿ وَقَالَ ٱلَّذِينَ ڪَفَرُواْ لِرُسُلِهِمۡ لَنُخۡرِجَنَّڪُم مِّنۡ أَرۡضِنَآ أَوۡ لَتَعُودُنَّ فِى مِلَّتِنَا‌ۖ فَأَوۡحَىٰٓ إِلَيۡہِمۡ رَبُّہُمۡ لَنُہۡلِكَنَّ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ وَلَنُسۡڪِنَنَّكُمُ ٱلۡأَرۡضَ مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِمۡ‌ۚ ذَٲلِكَ لِمَنۡ خَافَ مَقَامِى وَخَافَ وَعِيدِ وَٱسۡتَفۡتَحُواْ وَخَابَ ڪُلُّ جَبَّارٍ عَنِيدٍ۬ مِّن وَرَآٮِٕهِۦ جَهَنَّمُ وَيُسۡقَىٰ مِن مَّآءٍ۬ صَدِيدٍ۬ يَتَجَرَّعُهُ ۥ وَلَا يَڪَادُ يُسِيغُهُ ۥ وَيَأۡتِيهِ ٱلۡمَوۡتُ مِن ڪُلِّ مَكَانٍ۬ وَمَا هُوَ بِمَيِّتٍ۬‌ۖ وَمِن وَرَآٮِٕهِۦ عَذَابٌ غَلِيظٌ۬

(13. And those who disbelieved, said to their Messengers: "Surely, we shall drive you out of our land, or you shall return to our religion.'' So their Lord revealed to them: "Truly, We shall destroy the wrongdoers.'') (14. "And indeed, We shall make you dwell in the land after them. This is for him who fears standing before Me and also fears My threat.'') (15. And they sought victory and help; and every obstinate, arrogant dictator (who refuses to believe in the Oneness of Allah) was brought to a complete loss and destruction.) (16. In front of him is Hell, and he will be made to drink boiling, festering water.) (17. He will sip it unwillingly, and he will find great difficulty in swallowing it down his throat, and death will come to him from every side, yet he will not die, and in front of him, will be a great torment.)

Disbelieving Nations threaten Their Messengers with Expulsion

Allah narrates to us how the disbelieving nations threatened their Messengers, that being, expulsion from their land and banishment. For instance, the people of Prophet Shu`ayb, peace be upon him, said to him and to those who believed in him,

﴿ لَنُخۡرِجَنَّكَ يَـٰشُعَيۡبُ وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ مَعَكَ مِن قَرۡيَتِنَآ

(We shall certainly drive you out from our town, O Shu`ayb, and those who have believed with you.) (7:88) The people of Prophet Lut, peace be upon him, said,

﴿ أَخۡرِجُوٓاْ ءَالَ لُوطٍ۬ مِّن قَرۡيَتِكُمۡ‌ۖ

(Drive out the family of Lut from your city.) (27:56) Allah said about the idolaters of Quraysh,

﴿ وَإِن ڪَادُواْ لَيَسۡتَفِزُّونَكَ مِنَ ٱلۡأَرۡضِ لِيُخۡرِجُوكَ مِنۡهَا‌ۖ وَإِذً۬ا لَّا يَلۡبَثُونَ خِلَـٰفَكَ إِلَّا قَلِيلاً۬

(And verily, they were about to frighten you so much as to drive you out from the land. But in that case they would not have stayed after you, except for a little while.) (17:76) and,

﴿ وَإِذۡ يَمۡكُرُ بِكَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ لِيُثۡبِتُوكَ أَوۡ يَقۡتُلُوكَ أَوۡ يُخۡرِجُوكَ‌ۚ وَيَمۡكُرُونَ وَيَمۡكُرُ ٱللَّهُ‌ۖ وَٱللَّهُ خَيۡرُ ٱلۡمَـٰڪِرِينَ

(And when the disbelievers plotted against you to imprison you, or to kill you, or to expel you out; they were plotting and Allah too was plotting; and Allah is the Best of those who plot. ) (8:30) Allah gave victory and aid to His Messenger after he emigrated from Makkah and gathered followers, supporters, and soldiers around him, who fought in the cause of Allah, the Exalted. Allah kept granting His Messenger more dominance until He opened for him Makkah, which sought to expel him. Allah gave him dominance over it, even when his enemies from Makkah and the rest of the people of the earth disliked it. Soon after, people began embracing the religion of Allah in large crowds and in a very short time Allah's Word and religion became high over all other religions, from the eastern and western parts of the world. Hence Allah's statement,

﴿ فَأَوۡحَىٰٓ إِلَيۡہِمۡ رَبُّہُمۡ لَنُہۡلِكَنَّ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ وَلَنُسۡڪِنَنَّكُمُ ٱلۡأَرۡضَ مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِمۡ‌ۚ

(So their Lord revealed to them: "Truly, We shall destroy the wrongdoers. And indeed, We shall make you dwell in the land after them.'') (14:13,14) Allah said in other Ayat,

﴿ وَلَقَدۡ سَبَقَتۡ كَلِمَتُنَا لِعِبَادِنَا ٱلۡمُرۡسَلِينَ إِنَّہُمۡ لَهُمُ ٱلۡمَنصُورُونَ وَإِنَّ جُندَنَا لَهُمُ ٱلۡغَـٰلِبُونَ

(And, verily, Our Word has gone forth of old for Our servants, the Messengers, that they verily, would be made triumphant, and that Our hosts! They verily, would be the victors.) (37:171-173),

﴿ ڪَتَبَ ٱللَّهُ لَأَغۡلِبَنَّ أَنَا۟ وَرُسُلِىٓ‌ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ قَوِىٌّ عَزِيزٌ۬

(Allah has decreed: "Verily, it is I and My Messengers who shall be the victorious. Verily, Allah is All-Powerful, All-Mighty.'') (58:21)

﴿ وَلَقَدۡ ڪَتَبۡنَا فِى ٱلزَّبُورِ مِنۢ بَعۡدِ ٱلذِّكۡرِ

(And indeed We have written in Az-Zabur after Adh-Dhikr.) (21:05)

﴿ قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِقَوۡمِهِ ٱسۡتَعِينُواْ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱصۡبِرُوٓاْ‌ۖ إِنَّ ٱلۡأَرۡضَ لِلَّهِ يُورِثُهَا مَن يَشَآءُ مِنۡ عِبَادِهِۦ‌ۖ وَٱلۡعَـٰقِبَةُ لِلۡمُتَّقِينَ

(Musa said to his people: "Seek help in Allah and be patient. Verily, the earth is Allah's. He gives it as a heritage to whom He wills of His servants: and the (blessed) end is for the those who have Taqwa.'') (7:128) and,

﴿ وَأَوۡرَثۡنَا ٱلۡقَوۡمَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَانُواْ يُسۡتَضۡعَفُونَ مَشَـٰرِقَ ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَمَغَـٰرِبَهَا ٱلَّتِى بَـٰرَكۡنَا فِيہَا‌ۖ وَتَمَّتۡ كَلِمَتُ رَبِّكَ ٱلۡحُسۡنَىٰ عَلَىٰ بَنِىٓ إِسۡرَٲٓءِيلَ بِمَا صَبَرُواْ‌ۖ وَدَمَّرۡنَا مَا كَانَ يَصۡنَعُ فِرۡعَوۡنُ وَقَوۡمُهُ ۥ وَمَا ڪَانُواْ يَعۡرِشُونَ

(And We made the people who were considered weak to inherit the eastern parts of the land and the western parts thereof which We have blessed. And the fair Word of your Lord was fulfilled for the Children of Israel, because of their endurance. And We destroyed completely all the great works and buildings which Fir`awn and his people erected.)(7:137) Allah said next,

﴿ ذَٲلِكَ لِمَنۡ خَافَ مَقَامِى وَخَافَ وَعِيدِ

(This is for him who fears standing before Me and also fears My threat.) this warning is for he who fears standing before Him on the Day of Resurrection and fears His warnings and torment. Allah said in other instances,

﴿ فَأَمَّا مَن طَغَىٰ وَءَاثَرَ ٱلۡحَيَوٰةَ ٱلدُّنۡيَا فَإِنَّ ٱلۡجَحِيمَ هِىَ ٱلۡمَأۡوَىٰ وَأَمَّا مَنۡ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِۦ وَنَهَى ٱلنَّفۡسَ عَنِ ٱلۡهَوَىٰ فَإِنَّ ٱلۡجَنَّةَ هِىَ ٱلۡمَأۡوَىٰ

(Then for him who transgressed all bounds, and preferred the life of this world, verily, his abode will be Hellfire. But as for him who feared standing before his Lord, and restrained himself from impure evil desires and lusts. Verily, Paradise will be his abode.) (79:37-41) and,

﴿ وَلِمَنۡ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِۦ جَنَّتَانِ

(But for him who fears the standing before his Lord, there will be two Gardens.) (55:46) Allah said next,

﴿ وَٱسۡتَفۡتَحُواْ

(And they sought victory and help) refers to the Messengers who sought the help and victory of their Lord over their nations, according to `Abdullah bin `Abbas, Mujahid and Qatadah. `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said that this Ayah refers to the nations, invoking Allah's victory against themselves! Some idolaters said,

﴿ ٱللَّهُمَّ إِن كَانَ هَـٰذَا هُوَ ٱلۡحَقَّ مِنۡ عِندِكَ فَأَمۡطِرۡ عَلَيۡنَا حِجَارَةً۬ مِّنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ أَوِ ٱئۡتِنَا بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ۬

(O Allah! If this (Qur'an) is indeed the truth (revealed) from You, then rain down stones on us from the sky or bring on us a painful torment.) (8:32) It is possible that both meanings are desired here, for the idolaters (of Quraysh) invoked Allah against themselves on the day of Badr, and the Messenger of Allah invoked Him for victory and support. Allah said to the idolaters then,

﴿ إِن تَسۡتَفۡتِحُواْ فَقَدۡ جَآءَڪُمُ ٱلۡفَتۡحُ‌ۖ وَإِن تَنتَہُواْ فَهُوَ خَيۡرٌ۬ لَّكُمۡ‌ۖ

((O disbelievers) if you ask for a judgment, now has the judgment come unto you; and if you cease (to do wrong), it will be better for you.) (8:19) Allah knows best. Allah said next,

﴿ وَخَابَ ڪُلُّ جَبَّارٍ عَنِيدٍ۬

(and every obstinate, arrogant dictator was brought to a complete loss and destruction.) those who were arrogant and rebelled against the truth. Allah said in other Ayat,

﴿ أَلۡقِيَا فِى جَهَنَّمَ كُلَّ ڪَفَّارٍ عَنِيدٍ۬ مَّنَّاعٍ۬ لِّلۡخَيۡرِ مُعۡتَدٍ۬ مُّرِيبٍ ٱلَّذِى جَعَلَ مَعَ ٱللَّهِ إِلَـٰهًا ءَاخَرَ فَأَلۡقِيَاهُ فِى ٱلۡعَذَابِ ٱلشَّدِيدِ

((Allah will say to the angels): "Both of you throw into Hell every stubborn disbeliever - hinderer of good, transgressor, doubter, who set up another deity with Allah. Then both of you cast him in the severe torment.'') (50:24-26) The Prophet said,

« إِنَّهُ يُؤْتَى بِجَهَنَّمَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ، فَتُنَادِي الْخَلَائِقَ، فَتَقُولُ: إِنِّي وُكِّلْتُ بِكُلِّ جَبَّارٍ عَنِيد »

(On the Day of Resurrection, Jahannam (Hellfire) will be brought and it will call the creatures, saying, "I was given the responsibility of every rebellious tyrant.'') Therefore, every tyrant has earned utter demise and loss when the Prophets invoked Allah, the Mighty, the Able for victory. Allah said next,

﴿ مِّن وَرَآٮِٕهِۦ جَهَنَّمُ

(In front of him is Hell,) Allah says that Jahannam is in front of every obstinate tyrant, awaiting him, and he will reside in it forever on the Day of Return. He will be brought to it in the morning and the afternoon until the Day of the Call,

﴿ وَيُسۡقَىٰ مِن مَّآءٍ۬ صَدِيدٍ۬

(and he will be made to drink boiling, festering water.) in the Fire, his only drink will be from Hamim and Ghassaq, the former is very hot and the latter is very cold and rotten. Allah said in another instance,

﴿ هَـٰذَا فَلۡيَذُوقُوهُ حَمِيمٌ۬ وَغَسَّاقٌ۬ وَءَاخَرُ مِن شَكۡلِهِۦۤ أَزۡوَٲجٌ

(This is so! Then let them taste it - Hamim and Ghassaq. And other (torments) of similar kind all together!) (38:57-58) Mujahid and `Ikrimah said that this festering water is made of puss and blood. Allah said in other Ayat,

﴿ وَسُقُواْ مَآءً حَمِيمً۬ا فَقَطَّعَ أَمۡعَآءَهُمۡ

(And be given to drink boiling water so that it cuts up their bowels.) (47:15) and,

﴿ وَإِن يَسۡتَغِيثُواْ يُغَاثُواْ بِمَآءٍ۬ كَٱلۡمُهۡلِ يَشۡوِى ٱلۡوُجُوهَ‌ۚ

(And if they ask for help, they will be granted water like boiling oil, that will scald their faces.) (18:29) Allah's statement,

﴿ يَتَجَرَّعُهُ ۥ

(He will sip it unwillingly), indicates that he will hate to drink this water, but he will be forced to sip it; he will refuse until the angel strikes him with an iron bar,

﴿ وَلَهُم مَّقَـٰمِعُ مِنۡ حَدِيدٍ۬

(And for them are hooked rods of iron.) (22:21) Allah said next,

﴿ وَلَا يَڪَادُ يُسِيغُهُ ۥ

(and he will find great difficulty in swallowing it down his throat,) meaning, he will hate to swallow it because of its awful taste, color and unbearable heat or coldness,

﴿ وَيَأۡتِيهِ ٱلۡمَوۡتُ مِن ڪُلِّ مَكَانٍ۬

(and death will come to him from every side,) his organs, limbs and entire body will suffer pain because of this drink. `Amr bin Maymun bin Mahran commented, "Every bone, nerve and blood vessel.'' Ad-Dahhak reported that Ibn `Abbas commented on Allah's statement,

﴿ وَيَأۡتِيهِ ٱلۡمَوۡتُ مِن ڪُلِّ مَكَانٍ۬

(and death will come to him from every side,) "All types of torment that Allah will punish him with on the Day of Resurrection in the fire of Jahannam will come to him carrying death, if he were to die. However, he will not die because Allah the Exalted said,

﴿ لَا يُقۡضَىٰ عَلَيۡهِمۡ فَيَمُوتُواْ وَلَا يُخَفَّفُ عَنۡهُم مِّنۡ عَذَابِهَاۚ

(Neither will it affect them that they die nor shall its torment be lightened for them) (35:36).'' Therefore, according to Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him and his father, every type of punishment will come to him (the obstinate, rebellious tyrant) carrying death with it, if he will ever die there. Yet, he will not die, he will instead receive eternal punishment and torment. Hence Allah's statement here,

﴿ وَيَأۡتِيهِ ٱلۡمَوۡتُ مِن ڪُلِّ مَكَانٍ۬ وَمَا هُوَ بِمَيِّتٍ۬‌ۖ

(and death will come to him from every side, yet he will not die,) Allah said,

﴿ وَمِن وَرَآٮِٕهِۦ عَذَابٌ غَلِيظٌ۬

(and in front of him, will be a great torment.) even in this condition, he will still suffer another severe type of torment, more severe and painful from the one before it, harsher more bitter. Allah described the tree of Zaqqum,

﴿ إِنَّهَا شَجَرَةٌ۬ تَخۡرُجُ فِىٓ أَصۡلِ ٱلۡجَحِيمِ طَلۡعُهَا كَأَنَّهُ ۥ رُءُوسُ ٱلشَّيَـٰطِينِ فَإِنَّہُمۡ لَأَكِلُونَ مِنۡہَا فَمَالِـُٔونَ مِنۡہَا ٱلۡبُطُونَ ثُمَّ إِنَّ لَهُمۡ عَلَيۡہَا لَشَوۡبً۬ا مِّنۡ حَمِيمٍ۬ ثُمَّ إِنَّ مَرۡجِعَهُمۡ لَإِلَى ٱلۡجَحِيمِ

(Verily, it is a tree that springs out of the bottom of Hellfire, the shoots of its fruits stalks are like the heads of Shayatin; Truly, they will eat thereof and fill their bellies therewith. Then on top of that they will be given boiling water to drink so that it becomes a mixture. Then thereafter, verily, their return is to the flaming fire of Hell.) (37:64-68) Allah states that they will either be eating from the Zaqqum, drinking the Hamim, or being tormented in the Fire, again and again; we seek refuge with Allah from all of this. Allah also said,

﴿ هَـٰذِهِۦ جَهَنَّمُ ٱلَّتِى يُكَذِّبُ بِہَا ٱلۡمُجۡرِمُونَ يَطُوفُونَ بَيۡنَہَا وَبَيۡنَ حَمِيمٍ ءَانٍ۬

(This is the Hell which the criminals denied. They will go between it (Hell) and the fierce boiling water!) (55:43-44),

﴿ إِنَّ شَجَرَتَ ٱلزَّقُّومِ طَعَامُ ٱلۡأَثِيمِ كَٱلۡمُهۡلِ يَغۡلِى فِى ٱلۡبُطُونِ كَغَلۡىِ ٱلۡحَمِيمِ خُذُوهُ فَٱعۡتِلُوهُ إِلَىٰ سَوَآءِ ٱلۡجَحِيمِ ثُمَّ صُبُّواْ فَوۡقَ رَأۡسِهِۦ مِنۡ عَذَابِ ٱلۡحَمِيمِ ذُقۡ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡڪَرِيمُ إِنَّ هَـٰذَا مَا كُنتُم بِهِۦ تَمۡتَرُونَ

(Verily, the tree of Zaqqum will be the food of the sinners. Like boiling oil, it will boil in the bellies, like the boiling of scalding water. (It will be said) "Seize him and drag him into the midst of blazing Fire, then pour over his head the torment of boiling water. Taste you (this)! Verily, you were the mighty, the generous! Verily, this is that whereof you used to doubt!'') (44:43-50),

﴿ وَأَصۡحَـٰبُ ٱلشِّمَالِ مَآ أَصۡحَـٰبُ ٱلشِّمَالِ فِى سَمُومٍ۬ وَحَمِيمٍ۬ وَظِلٍّ۬ مِّن يَحۡمُومٍ۬ لَّا بَارِدٍ۬ وَلَا كَرِيمٍ

(And those on the Left Hand - how (unfortunate) will be those on the Left Hand In fierce hot wind and boiling water, and shadow of black smoke, neither cool nor pleasant.) (56:41-44)

﴿ هَـٰذَا‌ۚ وَإِنَّ لِلطَّـٰغِينَ لَشَرَّ مَـَٔابٍ۬ جَهَنَّمَ يَصۡلَوۡنَہَا فَبِئۡسَ ٱلۡمِهَادُ هَـٰذَا فَلۡيَذُوقُوهُ حَمِيمٌ۬ وَغَسَّاقٌ۬ وَءَاخَرُ مِن شَكۡلِهِۦۤ أَزۡوَٲجٌ

(This is so! And for the Taghun will be an evil final return. Hell! Where they will burn, and worst is that place to rest! This is so! Then let them taste it Hamim and Ghassaq. And other (torments) of similar kind all together!)(38:55-58) There are many other similar Ayat that indicate that the punishment they will receive is of different kinds, and that it is repeated in various types and forms that only Allah the Exalted knows, as just recompense,

﴿ وَمَا رَبُّكَ بِظَلَّـٰمٍ۬ لِّلۡعَبِيدِ

(And your Lord is not at all unjust to (His) slaves.) (41:46)

﴿ مَّثَلُ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ بِرَبِّهِمۡ‌ۖ أَعۡمَـٰلُهُمۡ كَرَمَادٍ ٱشۡتَدَّتۡ بِهِ ٱلرِّيحُ فِى يَوۡمٍ عَاصِفٍ۬‌ۖ لَّا يَقۡدِرُونَ مِمَّا ڪَسَبُواْ عَلَىٰ شَىۡءٍ۬‌ۚ ذَٲلِكَ هُوَ ٱلضَّلَـٰلُ ٱلۡبَعِيدُ

(18. The parable of those who disbelieved in their Lord is that their works are as ashes, on which the wind blows furiously on a stormy day; they shall not be able to get aught of what they have earned. That is the straying, far away (from the right path).)