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What the Disbelievers said about the Qur'an

Allah tells us about the foolishness of the disbelievers' ignorant minds, when they said about the Qur'an:

﴿ إِنۡ هَـٰذَآ إِلَّآ إِفۡكٌ

(This is nothing but a lie), meaning an untruth.

﴿ ٱفۡتَرَٮٰهُ

(that he has invented,) meaning the Prophet .

﴿ وَأَعَانَهُ ۥ عَلَيۡهِ قَوۡمٌ ءَاخَرُونَ‌ۖ

(and others have helped him in it.) means, he asked other people to help him compile it. So Allah said:

﴿ فَقَدۡ جَآءُو ظُلۡمً۬ا وَزُورً۬ا

(In fact, they have produced an unjust wrong and a lie.) meaning, they are the ones who are telling a lie, and they know that it is false, for their own souls know that what they are claiming is not true.

﴿ وَقَالُوٓاْ أَسَـٰطِيرُ ٱلۡأَوَّلِينَ ٱڪۡتَتَبَهَا

(And they say: "Tales of the ancients which he has written down...'') meaning, the ancients wrote them down, and he has copied it.

﴿ فَهِىَ تُمۡلَىٰ عَلَيۡهِ

(and they are dictated to him) means, they are read or recited to him.

﴿ بُڪۡرَةً۬ وَأَصِيلاً۬

(morning and afternoon.) at the beginning and end of the day. Because this idea is so foolish and is so patently false, everyone knows that it is not true. It is known through Mutawatir reports and is a common fact that Muhammad the Messenger of Allah never learned to read or write, either at the beginning or the end of his life. He grew up among them for approximately forty years, from the time he was born until the time when his mission began. They knew all about him, and about his honest and sound character and how he would never lie or do anything immoral or bad. They even used to call him Al-Amin (the Trustworthy One) from a young age, until his mission began, because they saw how truthful and honest he was. When Allah honored him with that which He honored him, they declared their enmity towards him and came up with all these accusations which any reasonable person would know he was innocent of. They were not sure what to accuse him of. Sometimes they said that he was a sorcerer, at other times they would say he was a poet, or crazy, or a liar. So Allah said:

﴿ ٱنظُرۡ كَيۡفَ ضَرَبُواْ لَكَ ٱلۡأَمۡثَالَ فَضَلُّواْ فَلَا يَسۡتَطِيعُونَ سَبِيلاً۬

(See what examples they have put forward for you. So they have gone astray, and never can they find a way.) (17:48) In response to their stubbornness, Allah says here:

﴿ قُلۡ أَنزَلَهُ ٱلَّذِى يَعۡلَمُ ٱلسِّرَّ فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۚ

(Say: "It has been sent down by Him Who knows the secret of the heavens and the earth''.) meaning, He has revealed the Qur'an which includes true information about the earlier and later generations, information which concurs with the realities of the past and future.

﴿ ٱلَّذِى يَعۡلَمُ ٱلسِّرَّ

(Who knows the secret) means, Allah is the One Who knows the unseen in the heavens and on the earth; He knows their secrets just as He knows what is visible therein.

﴿ إِنَّهُ ۥ ڪَانَ غَفُورً۬ا رَّحِيمً۬ا

(Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.) This is an invitation to them to repent and turn back to Allah, telling them that His mercy is vast and His patience is immense. Whoever repents to Him, He accepts his repentance. Despite all their lies, immorality, falsehood, disbelief and stubbornness, and saying what they said about the Messenger and the Qur'an, He still invites them to repent and give up their sin, and to come to Islam and true guidance. This is like the Ayat:

﴿ لَّقَدۡ ڪَفَرَ ٱلَّذِينَ قَالُوٓاْ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ ثَالِثُ ثَلَـٰثَةٍ۬‌ۘ وَمَا مِنۡ إِلَـٰهٍ إِلَّآ إِلَـٰهٌ۬ وَٲحِدٌ۬‌ۚ وَإِن لَّمۡ يَنتَهُواْ عَمَّا يَقُولُونَ لَيَمَسَّنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ مِنۡهُمۡ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ أَفَلَا يَتُوبُونَ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ وَيَسۡتَغۡفِرُونَهُ ۥ‌ۚ وَٱللَّهُ غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬

(Surely, disbelievers are those who said: "Allah is the third of the three.'' But there is no god but One God. And if they cease not from what they say, verily, a painful torment will befall on the disbelievers among them. Will they not turn with repentance to Allah and ask His forgiveness For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.) (5:73-74)

﴿ إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ فَتَنُواْ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنَـٰتِ ثُمَّ لَمۡ يَتُوبُواْ فَلَهُمۡ عَذَابُ جَهَنَّمَ وَلَهُمۡ عَذَابُ ٱلۡحَرِيقِ

(Verily, those who put into trial the believing men and believing women, and then do not turn in repentance, then they will have the torment of Hell, and they will have the punishment of the burning Fire.) (85:10) Al-Hasan Al-Basri said: "Look at this kindness and generosity! They killed His friends and He is calling them to repentance and mercy.''

﴿ وَقَالُواْ مَالِ هَـٰذَا ٱلرَّسُولِ يَأۡڪُلُ ٱلطَّعَامَ وَيَمۡشِى فِى ٱلۡأَسۡوَاقِ‌ۙ لَوۡلَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيۡهِ مَلَكٌ۬ فَيَكُونَ مَعَهُ ۥ نَذِيرًا أَوۡ يُلۡقَىٰٓ إِلَيۡهِ ڪَنزٌ أَوۡ تَكُونُ لَهُ ۥ جَنَّةٌ۬ يَأۡڪُلُ مِنۡهَا‌ۚ وَقَالَ ٱلظَّـٰلِمُونَ إِن تَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا رَجُلاً۬ مَّسۡحُورًا ٱنظُرۡ ڪَيۡفَ ضَرَبُواْ لَكَ ٱلۡأَمۡثَـٰلَ فَضَلُّواْ فَلَا يَسۡتَطِيعُونَ سَبِيلاً۬ تَبَارَكَ ٱلَّذِىٓ إِن شَآءَ جَعَلَ لَكَ خَيۡرً۬ا مِّن ذَٲلِكَ جَنَّـٰتٍ۬ تَجۡرِى مِن تَحۡتِهَا ٱلۡأَنۡهَـٰرُ وَيَجۡعَل لَّكَ قُصُورَۢا بَلۡ كَذَّبُواْ بِٱلسَّاعَةِ‌ۖ وَأَعۡتَدۡنَا لِمَن ڪَذَّبَ بِٱلسَّاعَةِ سَعِيرًا إِذَا رَأَتۡهُم مِّن مَّكَانِۭ بَعِيدٍ۬ سَمِعُواْ لَهَا تَغَيُّظً۬ا وَزَفِيرً۬ا وَإِذَآ أُلۡقُواْ مِنۡہَا مَكَانً۬ا ضَيِّقً۬ا مُّقَرَّنِينَ دَعَوۡاْ هُنَالِكَ ثُبُورً۬ا لَّا تَدۡعُواْ ٱلۡيَوۡمَ ثُبُورً۬ا وَٲحِدً۬ا وَٱدۡعُواْ ثُبُورً۬ا ڪَثِيرً۬ا

(7. And they say: "Why does this Messenger eat food, and walk about in the markets. Why is not an angel sent down to him to be a warner with him'') (8. "Or (why) has not a treasure been granted to him, or why has he not a garden whereof he may eat'' And the wrongdoers say: "You follow none but a man bewitched.'') (9. See how they coin similitudes for you, so they have gone astray, and they cannot find a path.) (10. Blessed be He Who, if He wills, will assign you better than (all) that -- Gardens under which rivers flow and will assign you palaces.) (11. Nay, they deny the Hour, and for those who deny the Hour, We have prepared a flaming Fire.) (12. When it sees them from a far place, they will hear its raging and its roaring.) (13. And when they shall be thrown into a narrow place thereof, chained together, they will exclaim therein for destruction.) (14. Exclaim not today for one destruction, but exclaim for many destructions.)

What the Disbelievers said about the Messenger, refutation of Their Words, and Their ultimate Destiny

Allah tells us about the disbelievers' stubborn resistance to and rejection of the truth, with no proof or evidence for doing so. Their excuse was, as they said:

﴿ مَالِ هَـٰذَا ٱلرَّسُولِ يَأۡڪُلُ ٱلطَّعَامَ

(Why does this Messenger eat food,) meaning, `as we eat, and why does he need food as we need it'

﴿ وَيَمۡشِى فِى ٱلۡأَسۡوَاقِ‌ۙ

(and walk about in the markets.) means, he walks around and goes there often seeking to trade and earn a living.

﴿ لَوۡلَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيۡهِ مَلَكٌ۬ فَيَكُونَ مَعَهُ ۥ نَذِيرًا

(Why is not an angel sent down to him to be a warner with him) They were saying: why doesn't an angel come down to him from Allah, to be a witness that what he is claiming is true This is like when Fira`wn said:

﴿ فَلَوۡلَآ أُلۡقِىَ عَلَيۡهِ أَسۡوِرَةٌ۬ مِّن ذَهَبٍ أَوۡ جَآءَ مَعَهُ ٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕڪَةُ مُقۡتَرِنِينَ

("Why then are not golden bracelets bestowed on him, or angels sent along with him'') (43:53). These people had a similar mentality and said the same kind of thing. They said:

﴿ أَوۡ يُلۡقَىٰٓ إِلَيۡهِ ڪَنزٌ

(Or (why) has not a treasure been granted to him) meaning, treasure that he could spend on his needs and wants.

﴿ أَوۡ تَكُونُ لَهُ ۥ جَنَّةٌ۬ يَأۡڪُلُ مِنۡهَا‌ۚ

(or why has he not a garden whereof he may eat) meaning, a garden that would go with him wherever he went. All of this is easy for Allah, but He had a reason for not doing any of these things, and with Him is the perfect proof and argument.

﴿ وَقَالَ ٱلظَّـٰلِمُونَ إِن تَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا رَجُلاً۬ مَّسۡحُورًا

(And the wrongdoers say: "You follow none but a man bewitched.'') Allah said:

﴿ ٱنظُرۡ كَيۡفَ ضَرَبُواْ لَكَ ٱلۡأَمۡثَالَ فَضَلُّواْ

(See how they coin similitudes for you, so they have gone astray,) meaning, they accused you and belied you when they said that you were a sorcerer or bewitched or crazy or a liar or a poet, but all of these are false ideas. Everyone who has the slightest understanding will recognize that they are lying. Allah says:

﴿ فُضِّلُواْ

(so they have gone astray) from the path of guidance.

﴿ فَلَا يَسۡتَطِيعُونَ سَبِيلاً۬

(and they cannot find a path.) Everyone who steps outside of the way of truth and guidance has gone astray, no matter what direction he takes, because the truth is one and its methodology is unified, parts of it confirming other parts. Then Allah tells His Prophet that if He willed, He could bestow on him in this world something far better than what they were saying. He said:

﴿ تَبَارَكَ ٱلَّذِىٓ إِن شَآءَ جَعَلَ لَكَ خَيۡرً۬ا مِّن ذَٲلِكَ

(Blessed be He Who, if He wills, will assign you better than (all) that...) Mujahid said, "This means in this world.'' And he said: "The Quraysh used to call every house that was made of stone a `palace', whether it was large or small.''

﴿ بَلۡ كَذَّبُواْ بِٱلسَّاعَةِ‌ۖ

(Nay, they deny the Hour,) means, they say this in stubborn disbelief, not because they are seeking insight and guidance, but because their disbelief in the Day of Resurrection makes them say what they say.

﴿ وَأَعۡتَدۡنَا

(And We have prepared) means, `We have made ready,'

﴿ لِمَن ڪَذَّبَ بِٱلسَّاعَةِ سَعِيرًا

(for those who deny the Hour, a flaming Fire.) means, an unbearably hot and painful torment in the fire of Hell.

﴿ إِذَا رَأَتۡهُم

(When it sees them) means, when Hell sees them,

﴿ مِّن مَّكَانِۭ بَعِيدٍ۬

(from a far place,) means from the place of gathering (on the Day of Resurrection),

﴿ سَمِعُواْ لَهَا تَغَيُّظً۬ا وَزَفِيرً۬ا

(they will hear its raging and its roaring.) means, (it will make those sounds) out of hatred towards them. This is like the Ayah,

﴿ إِذَآ أُلۡقُواْ فِيہَا سَمِعُواْ لَهَا شَہِيقً۬ا وَهِىَ تَفُورُ تَكَادُ تَمَيَّزُ مِنَ ٱلۡغَيۡظِ‌ۖ

(When they are cast therein, they will hear the (terrible) drawing in of its breath as it blazes forth. It almost bursts up with fury) (67:7-8), which means that parts of it almost separate from other parts because of its intense hatred towards those who disbelieved in Allah. Imam Abu Ja`far bin Jarir narrated that Ibn `Abbas said: "A man will be dragged towards Hell, which will be expanding and contracting, and Ar-Rahman will say to it: `What is the matter with you' It will say: `He is seeking refuge from me.' So Allah will say, `Let My servant go.' Another man will be dragged towards Hell and he will say, `O Lord, I never expected this from You.' Allah will say, `What did you expect' The man will say, `I expected that Your mercy would be great enough to include me.' So Allah will say, `Let My servant go.' Another man will be dragged towards Hell, and Hell will bray at him like a donkey braying at barley. Then it will give a moan that will instill fear in everyone.'' Its chain of narrators is Sahih.

﴿ سَمِعُواْ لَهَا تَغَيُّظً۬ا وَزَفِيرً۬ا

(they will hear its raging and its roaring. ) `Abdur-Razzaq recorded that `Ubayd bin `Umayr said: "Hell will utter a moan such that there will be no angel who is close to Allah and no Prophet sent to mankind, but he will fall on his face, shaking all over. Even Ibrahim, peace be upon him, will fall to his knees and say: `O Lord, I do not ask You for salvation this Day except for myself.'''

﴿ وَإِذَآ أُلۡقُواْ مِنۡہَا مَكَانً۬ا ضَيِّقً۬ا مُّقَرَّنِينَ

(And when they shall be thrown into a narrow place thereof, chained together,) Qatadah narrated from Abu Ayyub that `Abdullah bin `Amr said: "Like the point of a spear, i.e., in its narrowness.''

﴿ مُقۡرِنِينَ

(chained together,) Abu Salih said, "This means, tied from their shoulders.''

﴿ دَعَوۡاْ هُنَالِكَ ثُبُورً۬ا

(they will exclaim therein for destruction.) means, they will utter cries of woe, regret and sorrow.

﴿ لَّا تَدۡعُواْ ٱلۡيَوۡمَ ثُبُورً۬ا وَٲحِدً۬ا

(Exclaim not today for one destruction...)

﴿ قُلۡ أَذَٲلِكَ خَيۡرٌ أَمۡ جَنَّةُ ٱلۡخُلۡدِ ٱلَّتِى وُعِدَ ٱلۡمُتَّقُونَ‌ۚ كَانَتۡ لَهُمۡ جَزَآءً۬ وَمَصِيرً۬ا لَّهُمۡ فِيهَا مَا يَشَآءُونَ خَـٰلِدِينَ‌ۚ كَانَ عَلَىٰ رَبِّكَ وَعۡدً۬ا مَّسۡـُٔولاً۬

(15. Say: "Is that better or the Paradise of Eternity which is promised to those who have Taqwa'' It will be theirs as a reward and final destination.) (16. For them there will be therein all that they desire, and they will abide (therein forever). It is upon your Lord a Wa`dan Mas'ula.)

Is the Fire better, or Paradise

Here Allah says: `O Muhammad, this that We have described to you about the state of those who are doomed, who will be dragged on their faces to Hell, which will receive them with a scowling face, with hatred and moans. There they will be thrown into their constricted spaces, tied up to their shoulders, unable to move or call for help, and unable to escape their plight -- is this better, or the eternal Paradise which Allah has promised to the pious among His servants, which He has prepared for them as a reward and ultimate destiny in return for their obedience to Him in this world'

﴿ لَّهُمۡ فِيهَا مَا يَشَآءُونَ

(For them there will be therein all that they desire,) of delights such as food, drink, clothing, dwellings, means of transportation and scenery, and other things that no eye has seen, no ear has heard, nor the heart of anyone can comprehend. They will abide therein forever; it will never cease or come to an end, and they will never leave it. This is what Allah has promised to those whom He has blessed and to whom He has shown His favor. He says:

﴿ كَانَ عَلَىٰ رَبِّكَ وَعۡدً۬ا مَّسۡـُٔولاً۬

(It is a upon your Lord a Wa`dan Mas'ula) meaning, it must inevitably come to pass. Abu Ja`far bin Jarir reported from some of the scholars of the Arabic language that the words

﴿ وَعۡدً۬ا مَّسۡـُٔولاً۬

(Wa`dan Mas'ula) mean: a binding pledge. In this Surah Allah mentions Hell, then refers to the situation of the people of Paradise. This is similar to the passage in Surat As-Saffat where Allah mentions the status of the people of Paradise, with its beauty and joy, then He says:

﴿ أَذَٲلِكَ خَيۡرٌ۬ نُّزُلاً أَمۡ شَجَرَةُ ٱلزَّقُّومِ إِنَّا جَعَلۡنَـٰهَا فِتۡنَةً۬ لِّلظَّـٰلِمِينَ إِنَّهَا شَجَرَةٌ۬ تَخۡرُجُ فِىٓ أَصۡلِ ٱلۡجَحِيمِ طَلۡعُهَا كَأَنَّهُ ۥ رُءُوسُ ٱلشَّيَـٰطِينِ فَإِنَّہُمۡ لَأَكِلُونَ مِنۡہَا فَمَالِـُٔونَ مِنۡہَا ٱلۡبُطُونَ ثُمَّ إِنَّ لَهُمۡ عَلَيۡہَا لَشَوۡبً۬ا مِّنۡ حَمِيمٍ۬ ثُمَّ إِنَّ مَرۡجِعَهُمۡ لَإِلَى ٱلۡجَحِيمِ إِنَّہُمۡ أَلۡفَوۡاْ ءَابَآءَهُمۡ ضَآلِّينَ فَهُمۡ عَلَىٰٓ ءَاثَـٰرِهِمۡ يُہۡرَعُونَ

(Is that better entertainment or the tree of Zaqqum Truly, We have made it a trial for the wrongdoers. Verily, it is a tree that springs out of the bottom of Hellfire, The shoots of its fruit stalks are like the heads of Shayatin. Truly, they will eat thereof and fill their bellies therewith. Then on the top of that they will be given boiling water to drink so that it becomes a mixture. Then thereafter, verily, their return is to the flaming fire of Hell. Verily, they found their fathers on the wrong path. So they hastened in their footsteps!) (37:62-70)

﴿ وَيَوۡمَ يَحۡشُرُهُمۡ وَمَا يَعۡبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ فَيَقُولُ ءَأَنتُمۡ أَضۡلَلۡتُمۡ عِبَادِى هَـٰٓؤُلَآءِ أَمۡ هُمۡ ضَلُّواْ ٱلسَّبِيلَ قَالُواْ سُبۡحَـٰنَكَ مَا كَانَ يَنۢبَغِى لَنَآ أَن نَّتَّخِذَ مِن دُونِكَ مِنۡ أَوۡلِيَآءَ وَلَـٰكِن مَّتَّعۡتَهُمۡ وَءَابَآءَهُمۡ حَتَّىٰ نَسُواْ ٱلذِّڪۡرَ وَكَانُواْ قَوۡمَۢا بُورً۬ا فَقَدۡ ڪَذَّبُوكُم بِمَا تَقُولُونَ فَمَا تَسۡتَطِيعُونَ صَرۡفً۬ا وَلَا نَصۡرً۬ا‌ۚ وَمَن يَظۡلِم مِّنڪُمۡ نُذِقۡهُ عَذَابً۬ا ڪَبِيرً۬ا

(17. And on the Day when He will gather them together and that which they worship besides Allah. He will say: "Was it you who misled these My servants or did they stray from the path'') (18. They will say: "Glorified be You! It was not for us to take any Awliya' besides You, but You gave them and their fathers comfort till they forgot the warning, and became a lost people.'') (19. Thus they will deny you in what you say; then you can neither avert nor find help. And whoever among you does wrong, We shall make him taste a great torment.)

The gods of the Idolators will disown Them on the Day of Resurrection

Allah tells us about what will happen on the Day of Resurrection, when those whom the idolaters used to worship instead of Allah, angels and others, will rebuke them. Allah says:

﴿ وَيَوۡمَ يَحۡشُرُهُمۡ وَمَا يَعۡبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ

(And on the Day when He will gather them together and that which they worship besides Allah.) Mujahid said, "This means `Isa, `Uzayr and the angels.''

﴿ فَيَقُولُ ءَأَنتُمۡ أَضۡلَلۡتُمۡ عِبَادِى هَـٰٓؤُلَآءِ

(He will say: "Was it you who misled these My servants...'') Allah will say to those who were worshipped: `Did you call these people to worship you instead of Me, or was it their own idea to worship you, without any call to that on your part' This is like the Ayah,

﴿ وَإِذۡ قَالَ ٱللَّهُ يَـٰعِيسَى ٱبۡنَ مَرۡيَمَ ءَأَنتَ قُلۡتَ لِلنَّاسِ ٱتَّخِذُونِى وَأُمِّىَ إِلَـٰهَيۡنِ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۖ قَالَ سُبۡحَـٰنَكَ مَا يَكُونُ لِىٓ أَنۡ أَقُولَ مَا لَيۡسَ لِى بِحَقٍّ‌ۚ إِن كُنتُ قُلۡتُهُ ۥ فَقَدۡ عَلِمۡتَهُ ۥ‌ۚ تَعۡلَمُ مَا فِى نَفۡسِى وَلَآ أَعۡلَمُ مَا فِى نَفۡسِكَ‌ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ عَلَّـٰمُ ٱلۡغُيُوبِ مَا قُلۡتُ لَهُمۡ إِلَّا مَآ أَمَرۡتَنِى بِهِۦۤ

(And when Allah will say: "O `Isa, son of Maryam! Did you say unto men: `Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah' '' He will say: "Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner self though I do not know what is in Yours; truly, You, only You, are the All-Knower of all that is hidden. Never did I say to them aught except what You did command me to say.'') (5:116-117) Describing how those who were worshipped will respond on the Day of Resurrection, Allah says:

﴿ قَالُواْ سُبۡحَـٰنَكَ مَا كَانَ يَنۢبَغِى لَنَآ أَن نَّتَّخِذَ مِن دُونِكَ مِنۡ أَوۡلِيَآءَ

(They will say: "Glorified be You! It was not for us to take (Nattakhidh) any Awliya' besides You...'') Most of the scholars recite a Fathah on the Nun of the word Nattakhidh in His saying:

﴿ نَّتَّخِذَ مِن دُونِكَ مِنۡ أَوۡلِيَآءَ

("...for us to take (Nattakhidh) any Awliya' besides You,'') meaning, `it is not right for any created being, neither us nor them, to worship anyone except You; we did not call them to do that, but they did it of their own accord, without us telling them to do it or accepting what they did. We are innocent of them and their worship.' This is like the Ayah,

﴿ وَيَوۡمَ يَحۡشُرُهُمۡ جَمِيعً۬ا ثُمَّ يَقُولُ لِلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةِ أَهَـٰٓؤُلَآءِ إِيَّاكُمۡ ڪَانُواْ يَعۡبُدُونَ قَالُواْ سُبۡحَـٰنَكَ

(And (remember) the Day when He will gather them all together, then He will say to the angels: "Was it you that these people used to worship'' They (the angels) will say: "Glorified be You!'') (34:40-41) Other scholars understand this phrase to mean: `it is not proper for us to take anyone except You as protectors or helpers (Awliya'), ' meaning, `it is not proper for anyone to worship us, for we are Your servants and in need of You.' This meaning is close to the first.

﴿ وَلَـٰكِن مَّتَّعۡتَهُمۡ وَءَابَآءَهُمۡ

(but You gave them and their fathers comfort) means, `You made such a long period of time pass that they forgot the Reminder, i.e., they forgot what had been sent down to them through the Messengers, calling them to worship You alone with no partner or associate.'

﴿ وَكَانُواْ قَوۡمَۢا بُورً۬ا

(and became a lost people.) Ibn `Abbas said, "This means, they were destroyed.'' Al-Hasan Al-Basri and Malik narrated from Az-Zuhri: "There was no good in them.'' And Allah says:

﴿ فَقَدۡ ڪَذَّبُوكُم بِمَا تَقُولُونَ

(Thus they will deny you because of what you say;) meaning, `those whom you used to worship besides Allah will show you to be liars in your claims that they were your helpers and protectors bringing you closer to Allah.' This is like the Ayat:

﴿ وَمَنۡ أَضَلُّ مِمَّن يَدۡعُواْ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ مَن لَّا يَسۡتَجِيبُ لَهُ ۥۤ إِلَىٰ يَوۡمِ ٱلۡقِيَـٰمَةِ وَهُمۡ عَن دُعَآٮِٕهِمۡ غَـٰفِلُونَ وَإِذَا حُشِرَ ٱلنَّاسُ كَانُواْ لَهُمۡ أَعۡدَآءً۬ وَكَانُواْ بِعِبَادَتِہِمۡ كَـٰفِرِينَ

(And who is more astray than one who calls on besides Allah, such as will not answer him till the Day of Resurrection, and who are unaware of their calls to them. And when mankind are gathered, they will become their enemies and will deny their worshipping.) (46:5-6)

﴿ فَمَا تَسۡتَطِيعُونَ صَرۡفً۬ا وَلَا نَصۡرً۬ا‌ۚ

(then you can neither avert nor find help.) means: they will not be able to avert the punishment from themselves, nor will they be able to help themselves.

﴿ وَمَن يَظۡلِم مِّنڪُمۡ

(And whoever among you does wrong,) means by associating others in worship with Allah,

﴿ نُذِقۡهُ عَذَابً۬ا ڪَبِيرً۬ا

(We shall make him taste a great torment.)

﴿ وَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَا قَبۡلَكَ مِنَ ٱلۡمُرۡسَلِينَ إِلَّآ إِنَّهُمۡ لَيَأۡكُلُونَ ٱلطَّعَامَ وَيَمۡشُونَ فِى ٱلۡأَسۡوَاقِ‌ۗ وَجَعَلۡنَا بَعۡضَڪُمۡ لِبَعۡضٍ۬ فِتۡنَةً أَتَصۡبِرُونَ‌ۗ وَڪَانَ رَبُّكَ بَصِيرً۬ا

(20. And We never sent before you any of the Messengers but verily, they ate food and walked in the markets. And We have made some of you as a trial for others; will you have patience And your Lord is Ever All-Seer.) and who are unaware of their calls to them. And when mankind are gathered, they will become their enemies and will deny their worshipping.) (46:5-6)

﴿ فَمَا تَسۡتَطِيعُونَ صَرۡفً۬ا وَلَا نَصۡرً۬ا‌ۚ

(then you can neither avert nor find help.) means: they will not be able to avert the punishment from themselves, nor will they be able to help themselves.

﴿ وَمَن يَظۡلِم مِّنڪُمۡ

(And whoever among you does wrong,) means by associating others in worship with Allah,

﴿ نُذِقۡهُ عَذَابً۬ا ڪَبِيرً۬ا

(We shall make him taste a great torment.)

﴿ وَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَا قَبۡلَكَ مِنَ ٱلۡمُرۡسَلِينَ إِلَّآ إِنَّهُمۡ لَيَأۡكُلُونَ ٱلطَّعَامَ وَيَمۡشُونَ فِى ٱلۡأَسۡوَاقِ‌ۗ وَجَعَلۡنَا بَعۡضَڪُمۡ لِبَعۡضٍ۬ فِتۡنَةً أَتَصۡبِرُونَ‌ۗ وَڪَانَ رَبُّكَ بَصِيرً۬ا

(20. And We never sent before you any of the Messengers but verily, they ate food and walked in the markets. And We have made some of you as a trial for others; will you have patience And your Lord is Ever All-Seer.)