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The Final Return of the Blessed

Allah tells us that His blessed, believing servants will have a good final return in the Hereafter, which means their ultimate destination. Then He explains it further, as He says:

﴿ جَنَّـٰتِ عَدۡنٍ۬

(`Adn Gardens) meaning, eternal gardens (of Paradise),

﴿ مُّفَتَّحَةً۬ لَّهُمُ ٱلۡأَبۡوَٲبُ

(whose doors will be opened for them.) means, when they come to them (these gardens), their gates will open for them.

﴿ مُتَّكِـِٔينَ فِيہَا

(Therein they will recline;) It was said that this means that they will sit cross-legged on chairs beneath canopies.

﴿ يَدۡعُونَ فِيہَا بِفَـٰكِهَةٍ۬ ڪَثِيرَةٍ۬

(therein they will call for fruits in abundance) means, whatever they ask for, they will find it, and it will be prepared just as they wanted it.

﴿ وَشَرَابٌ۬

(and drinks;) means, whatever kind of drink they want, the servants will bring it to them,

﴿ بِأَكۡوَابٍ۬ وَأَبَارِيقَ وَكَأۡسٍ۬ مِّن مَّعِينٍ۬

(With cups, and jugs, and a glass of flowing wine.) (56: 18).

﴿ وَعِندَهُمۡ قَـٰصِرَٲتُ ٱلطَّرۡفِ

(And beside them will be Qasirat-at-Tarf (chaste females)) means, they restrain their glances from anyone except their husbands, and do not turn to anyone else.

﴿ أَتۡرَابٌ

((and) of equal ages.) means, they will all be of the same age. This is the understanding of Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) Mujahid, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Muhammad bin Ka`b and As-Suddi.

﴿ هَـٰذَا مَا تُوعَدُونَ لِيَوۡمِ ٱلۡحِسَابِ

(This it is what you are promised for the Day of Reckoning!) means, `this that We have mentioned of the features of Paradise is what He has prepared for His pious servants who will reach it after they have been resurrected from their graves and been saved from the Fire.' Then Allah tells us that Paradise will never come to an end or disappear or cease to be. He says:

﴿ إِنَّ هَـٰذَا لَرِزۡقُنَا مَا لَهُ ۥ مِن نَّفَادٍ

(Verily, this is Our provision which will never finish.) This is like the Ayat:

﴿ مَا عِندَكُمۡ يَنفَدُ‌ۖ وَمَا عِندَ ٱللَّهِ بَاقٍ۬‌ۗ

(Whatever is with you, will be exhausted, and whatever is with Allah will remain) (16:96).

﴿ عَطَآءً غَيۡرَ مَجۡذُوذٍ۬

(a gift without an end.) (11:108)

﴿ لَهُمۡ أَجۡرٌ غَيۡرُ مَمۡنُونٍ۬

(for them is a reward that will never come to an end.) (84:25).

﴿ أُڪُلُهَا دَآٮِٕمٌ۬ وَظِلُّهَا‌ۚ تِلۡكَ عُقۡبَى ٱلَّذِينَ ٱتَّقَواْ‌ۖ وَّعُقۡبَى ٱلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ ٱلنَّارُ

(its provision is eternal and so is its shade; this is the end of those who have Taqwa, and the end (final destination) of the disbelievers is Fire.)(13:35). And there are many similar Ayat.

﴿ هَـٰذَا‌ۚ وَإِنَّ لِلطَّـٰغِينَ لَشَرَّ مَـَٔابٍ۬ جَهَنَّمَ يَصۡلَوۡنَہَا فَبِئۡسَ ٱلۡمِهَادُ هَـٰذَا فَلۡيَذُوقُوهُ حَمِيمٌ۬ وَغَسَّاقٌ۬ وَءَاخَرُ مِن شَكۡلِهِۦۤ أَزۡوَٲجٌ هَـٰذَا فَوۡجٌ۬ مُّقۡتَحِمٌ۬ مَّعَكُمۡ‌ۖ لَا مَرۡحَبَۢا بِہِمۡ‌ۚ إِنَّہُمۡ صَالُواْ ٱلنَّارِ قَالُواْ بَلۡ أَنتُمۡ لَا مَرۡحَبَۢا بِكُمۡ‌ۖ أَنتُمۡ قَدَّمۡتُمُوهُ لَنَا‌ۖ فَبِئۡسَ ٱلۡقَرَارُ قَالُواْ رَبَّنَا مَن قَدَّمَ لَنَا هَـٰذَا فَزِدۡهُ عَذَابً۬ا ضِعۡفً۬ا فِى ٱلنَّارِ وَقَالُواْ مَا لَنَا لَا نَرَىٰ رِجَالاً۬ كُنَّا نَعُدُّهُم مِّنَ ٱلۡأَشۡرَارِ أَتَّخَذۡنَـٰهُمۡ سِخۡرِيًّا أَمۡ زَاغَتۡ عَنۡہُمُ ٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرُ إِنَّ ذَٲلِكَ لَحَقٌّ۬ تَخَاصُمُ أَهۡلِ ٱلنَّارِ

(55. This is so! And for the Taghin will be an evil final return.) (56. Hell! Where they will enter it, and worst (indeed) is that place to rest!) (57. This is so! Then let them taste it - Hamim and Ghassaq.) (58. And other of similar kind - all together!) (59. This is a troop entering with you (in Hell), no welcome for them! Verily, they shall enter in the Fire!) (60. (The followers will say to those who misled): "Nay, you (too)! No welcome for you! It is you who brought this upon us, so evil is this place to stay in!'') (61. They will say: "Our Lord! Whoever brought this upon us, add to him a double torment in the Fire!'') (62. And they will say: "What is the matter with us that we see not men whom we used to count among the bad ones'') (63. "Did we take them as an object of mockery, or have (our) eyes failed to perceive them'') (64. Verily, that is the very truth -- the mutual dispute of the people of the Fire!)

The Final Return of the Doomed

Having mentioned the final of the blessed, Allah follows that with mention of the final return of the doomed when they are resurrected and brought to account. Allah says:

﴿ هَـٰذَا‌ۚ وَإِنَّ لِلطَّـٰغِينَ

(This is so! And for the Taghin), which refers to those who disobey Allah, may He be glorified, and oppose the Messengers of Allah, peace be upon them,

﴿ لَشَرَّ مَـَٔابٍ۬

(will be an evil final return.) means, the worst final return. Then Allah explains it by saying,

﴿ جَهَنَّمَ يَصۡلَوۡنَہَا

(Hell! Where they will enter) means, they will enter it and it will overwhelm them on all sides.

﴿ جَهَنَّمَ يَصۡلَوۡنَہَا فَبِئۡسَ ٱلۡمِهَادُ هَـٰذَا فَلۡيَذُوقُوهُ حَمِيمٌ۬ وَغَسَّاقٌ۬

(and worst (indeed) is that place to rest! This is so! Then let them taste it -- Hamim and Ghassaq.) Hamim is something that has been heated to the ultimate degree, and Ghassaq is the opposite, something that is so intensely cold that it is unbearable. Allah says:

﴿ وَءَاخَرُ مِن شَكۡلِهِۦۤ أَزۡوَٲجٌ

(And other of similar kind (opposite pairs) -- all together!) means, and other things of this kind, a thing and its opposite, serving as punishments. Al-Hasan Al-Basri said, concerning the Ayah:

﴿ وَءَاخَرُ مِن شَكۡلِهِۦۤ أَزۡوَٲجٌ

(And other of similar kind -- all together!) "Different kinds of punishments.'' Others said, such as intense cold and intense heat, and drinking Hamim and eating the bitter tree of Az-Zaqqum, and being lifted up and thrown down, and other kinds of paired opposites, all of which are means of punishment.

The Disputes of the People of Hell
﴿ هَـٰذَا فَوۡجٌ۬ مُّقۡتَحِمٌ۬ مَّعَكُمۡ‌ۖ لَا مَرۡحَبَۢا بِہِمۡ‌ۚ إِنَّہُمۡ صَالُواْ ٱلنَّارِ

(This is a troop entering with you (in Hell), no welcome for them! Verily, they shall enter in the Fire!) Here Allah tells us what the people of Hell will say to one another. This is like the Ayah:

﴿ كُلَّمَا دَخَلَتۡ أُمَّةٌ۬ لَّعَنَتۡ أُخۡتَہَا‌ۖ

(Every time a new nation enters, it curses its sister nation (that went before)) (7:38), which means, instead of greeting one another, they will curse one another, accuse one another of being liars and reject one another. When a new group arrives, the keepers of Hell will say,

﴿ هَـٰذَا فَوۡجٌ۬ مُّقۡتَحِمٌ۬ مَّعَكُمۡ‌ۖ لَا مَرۡحَبَۢا بِہِمۡ‌ۚ إِنَّہُمۡ صَالُواْ ٱلنَّارِ

(This is a troop entering with you (in Hell), no welcome for them! Verily, they shall enter in the Fire!) meaning, because they are of the people of Hell.

﴿ قَالُواْ بَلۡ أَنتُمۡ لَا مَرۡحَبَۢا بِكُمۡ‌ۖ

(Nay, you (too)! No welcome for you!) means, those who are coming in will say,

﴿ بَلۡ أَنتُمۡ لَا مَرۡحَبَۢا بِكُمۡ‌ۖ أَنتُمۡ قَدَّمۡتُمُوهُ لَنَا‌ۖ

(Nay, you (too)! No welcome for you! It is you who brought this upon us,) meaning, `you called us to that which led us to this fate.'

﴿ فَبِئۡسَ ٱلۡقَرَارُ

(so evil is this place to stay in!) means, evil is this abode and this destination.

﴿ قَالُواْ رَبَّنَا مَن قَدَّمَ لَنَا هَـٰذَا فَزِدۡهُ عَذَابً۬ا ضِعۡفً۬ا فِى ٱلنَّارِ

(They will say: "Our Lord! Whoever brought this upon us, add to him a double torment in the Fire!''). This is like the Ayah,

﴿ قَالَتۡ أُخۡرَٮٰهُمۡ لِأُولَٮٰهُمۡ رَبَّنَا هَـٰٓؤُلَآءِ أَضَلُّونَا فَـَٔاتِہِمۡ عَذَابً۬ا ضِعۡفً۬ا مِّنَ ٱلنَّارِ‌ۖ قَالَ لِكُلٍّ۬ ضِعۡفٌ۬ وَلَـٰكِن لَّا تَعۡلَمُونَ

(The last of them will say to the first of them: "Our Lord! These misled us, so give them a double torment of the Fire.'' He will say: "For each one there is double (torment), but you know not.'') (7:38), which means that each of them will be punished as he deserves.

﴿ وَقَالُواْ مَا لَنَا لَا نَرَىٰ رِجَالاً۬ كُنَّا نَعُدُّهُم مِّنَ ٱلۡأَشۡرَارِ أَتَّخَذۡنَـٰهُمۡ سِخۡرِيًّا أَمۡ زَاغَتۡ عَنۡہُمُ ٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرُ

(And they will say: "What is the matter with us that we see not men whom we used to count among the bad ones Did we take them as an object of mockery, or have (our) eyes failed to perceive them'') Here Allah tells us that when they are in Hell, the disbelievers will notice that they do not see people who they thought were misguided, while they thought of themselves as believers. They will say, `why do we not see them with us in the Fire' Mujahid said, "This is what Abu Jahl will say; he will say, `what is the matter with me that I do not see Bilal and `Ammar and Suhayb and so-and-so...' This is an example; all the disbelievers are like this, they think that the believers will go to Hell, so when the disbelievers enter Hell, they will wonder why they do not see them there, and they will say,

﴿ مَا لَنَا لَا نَرَىٰ رِجَالاً۬ كُنَّا نَعُدُّهُم مِّنَ ٱلۡأَشۡرَارِ أَتَّخَذۡنَـٰهُمۡ سِخۡرِيًّا

(What is the matter with us that we see not men whom we used to count among the bad ones Did we take them as an object of mockery,) means, in this world,

﴿ أَمۡ زَاغَتۡ عَنۡہُمُ ٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرُ

(or have (our) eyes failed to perceive them) means, they will try to console themselves with this wishful thinking, so they will say, perhaps they are here in Hell with us, but we have not laid eyes on them. Then they will find out that they (the believers) are in the lofty levels of Paradise, as Allah says:

﴿ وَنَادَىٰٓ أَصۡحَـٰبُ ٱلۡجَنَّةِ أَصۡحَـٰبَ ٱلنَّارِ أَن قَدۡ وَجَدۡنَا مَا وَعَدَنَا رَبُّنَا حَقًّ۬ا فَهَلۡ وَجَدتُّم مَّا وَعَدَ رَبُّكُمۡ حَقًّ۬ا‌ۖ قَالُواْ نَعَمۡ‌ۚ فَأَذَّنَ مُؤَذِّنُۢ بَيۡنَہُمۡ أَن لَّعۡنَةُ ٱللَّهِ عَلَى ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ

(And the dwellers of Paradise will call out to the dwellers of the Fire (saying): "We have indeed found true what our Lord had promised us; have you also found true what your Lord promised (warned)'' They shall say: "Yes.'' Then a crier will proclaim between them: "The curse of Allah is on the wrongdoers.'') until:

﴿ ٱدۡخُلُواْ ٱلۡجَنَّةَ لَا خَوۡفٌ عَلَيۡكُمۡ وَلَآ أَنتُمۡ تَحۡزَنُونَ

(Enter Paradise, no fear shall be on you, nor shall you grieve.) (7:44-49)

﴿ إِنَّ ذَٲلِكَ لَحَقٌّ۬ تَخَاصُمُ أَهۡلِ ٱلنَّارِ

(Verily, that is the very truth -- the mutual dispute of the people of the Fire!) means, `this that We have told you, O Muhammad, about the dispute among the people of Hell and their cursing one another, is true and there is no doubt concerning it.'

﴿ قُلۡ إِنَّمَآ أَنَا۟ مُنذِرٌ۬‌ۖ وَمَا مِنۡ إِلَـٰهٍ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡوَٲحِدُ ٱلۡقَهَّارُ رَبُّ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَمَا بَيۡنَہُمَا ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡغَفَّـٰرُ قُلۡ هُوَ نَبَؤٌاْ عَظِيمٌ أَنتُمۡ عَنۡهُ مُعۡرِضُونَ مَا كَانَ لِىَ مِنۡ عِلۡمِۭ بِٱلۡمَلَإِ ٱلۡأَعۡلَىٰٓ إِذۡ يَخۡتَصِمُونَ إِن يُوحَىٰٓ إِلَىَّ إِلَّآ أَنَّمَآ أَنَا۟ نَذِيرٌ۬ مُّبِينٌ

(65. Say: "I am only a warner and there is no God (worthy of worship) except Allah the One, the Irresistible,'') (66. "The Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, the Almighty, the Oft-Forgiving.'') (67. Say: "That is a great news,'') (68. "From which you turn away!'') (69. "I had no knowledge of the chiefs (angels) on high when they were disputing and discussing.'') (70. "Only this has been revealed to me, that I am a plain warner.'')

The Message of the Messenger is a Great News

Allah tells His Messenger to say to those who disbelieved in Allah, associated others in worship with Him and denied His Messenger: `I am a warner, I am not as you claim.'

﴿ وَمَا مِنۡ إِلَـٰهٍ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡوَٲحِدُ ٱلۡقَهَّارُ

(and there is no God (worthy of worship) except Allah, the One, the Irresistible,) means, He Alone has subjugated and controlled everything.

﴿ رَبُّ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَمَا بَيۡنَہُمَا

(The Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them,) means, He is the Sovereign of all that and is in control of it.

﴿ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡغَفَّـٰرُ

(the Almighty, the Oft-Forgiving.) means, He is Oft-Forgiving as well as being Almighty and All-Powerful.

﴿ قُلۡ هُوَ نَبَؤٌاْ عَظِيمٌ

(Say: "That (this Qur'an) is a great news,'') means, `something very important, which is that Allah has sent me to you.

﴿ أَنتُمۡ عَنۡهُ مُعۡرِضُونَ

(From which you turn away!) means, `you neglect it.'

﴿ مَا كَانَ لِىَ مِنۡ عِلۡمِۭ بِٱلۡمَلَإِ ٱلۡأَعۡلَىٰٓ إِذۡ يَخۡتَصِمُونَ

(I had no knowledge of the chiefs (angels) on high when they were disputing and discussing.) meaning, `were it not for the divine revelation, how could I have known about the dispute of the chiefs on high (the angels)' This refers to their dispute concerning Adam (peace be upon him) and how Iblis refused to prostrate to him and argued with his Lord because He preferred him (Adam) over him. This is what Allah says:

﴿ إِذۡ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةِ إِنِّى خَـٰلِقُۢ بَشَرً۬ا مِّن طِينٍ۬ فَإِذَا سَوَّيۡتُهُ ۥ وَنَفَخۡتُ فِيهِ مِن رُّوحِى فَقَعُواْ لَهُ ۥ سَـٰجِدِينَ فَسَجَدَ ٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةُ ڪُلُّهُمۡ أَجۡمَعُونَ إِلَّآ إِبۡلِيسَ ٱسۡتَكۡبَرَ وَكَانَ مِنَ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ قَالَ يَـٰٓإِبۡلِيسُ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَن تَسۡجُدَ لِمَا خَلَقۡتُ بِيَدَىَّ‌ۖ أَسۡتَكۡبَرۡتَ أَمۡ كُنتَ مِنَ ٱلۡعَالِينَ قَالَ أَنَا۟ خَيۡرٌ۬ مِّنۡهُ‌ۖ خَلَقۡتَنِى مِن نَّارٍ۬ وَخَلَقۡتَهُ ۥ مِن طِينٍ۬ قَالَ فَٱخۡرُجۡ مِنۡہَا فَإِنَّكَ رَجِيمٌ۬ وَإِنَّ عَلَيۡكَ لَعۡنَتِىٓ إِلَىٰ يَوۡمِ ٱلدِّينِ قَالَ رَبِّ فَأَنظِرۡنِىٓ إِلَىٰ يَوۡمِ يُبۡعَثُونَ قَالَ فَإِنَّكَ مِنَ ٱلۡمُنظَرِينَ إِلَىٰ يَوۡمِ ٱلۡوَقۡتِ ٱلۡمَعۡلُومِ قَالَ فَبِعِزَّتِكَ لَأُغۡوِيَنَّهُمۡ أَجۡمَعِينَ إِلَّا عِبَادَكَ مِنۡهُمُ ٱلۡمُخۡلَصِينَ قَالَ فَٱلۡحَقُّ وَٱلۡحَقَّ أَقُولُ لَأَمۡلَأَنَّ جَهَنَّمَ مِنكَ وَمِمَّن تَبِعَكَ مِنۡہُمۡ أَجۡمَعِينَ

(71. (Remember) when your Lord said to the angels: "Truly, I am going to create man from clay.'') (72. "So, when I have fashioned him and breathed into him (his) soul created by Me, then you fall down prostrate to him.'') (73. So, the angels prostrated themselves, all of them,) (74. Except Iblis, he was proud and was one of the disbelievers.) (75. (Allah) said: "O Iblis! What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with Both My Hands. Are you too proud or are you one of the high exalted'') (76. (Iblis) said: "I am better than he. You created me from fire, and You created him from clay.'') (77. (Allah) said: "Then get out from here; for verily, you are outcast.'') (78. "And verily, My curse is on you till the Day of Recompense.'') (79. (Iblis) said: "My Lord! Give me then respite till the Day the (dead) are resurrected.'') (80. (Allah) said: "Verily, you are of those allowed respite,'') (81. "Till the Day of the time appointed.'') (82. (Iblis) said: "By Your might, then I will surely mislead them all,'') (83. "Except Your true servants amongst them.'') (84. (Allah) said: "The truth is -- the truth I say - '') (85. "That I will fill Hell with you and those of them (mankind) that follow you, together.'')