(They made not a just estimate of Allah such as is due to Him.) means, the idolaters did not give Allah His due when they worshipped others alongside Him. He is the Almighty, and there is none mightier than Him; He is the One Who is able to do all things; He is the Owner of all things and everything is under His control and power. Mujahid said, "This was revealed concerning Quraysh.'' As-Suddi said, "They did not venerate Him as He deserves to be venerated.'' Muhammad bin Ka`b said, "If they had made a just estimate of Allah such as is due to Him, they would not have lied.'' `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said:
(They made not a just estimate of Allah such as is due to Him.) "These are the disbeliever who did not believe that Allah had power over them. Whoever believes that Allah is able to do all things, has made a just estimate of Allah such as is due to Him, and whoever does not believe that, has not made a just estimate of Allah such as is due to Him.'' Many Hadiths have been narrated concerning this Ayah and how it and other Ayat like it are to be interpreted and accepted without any attempts to twist or change the meaning. Concerning the Ayah,
(They made not a just estimate of Allah such as is due to Him.) Al-Bukhari recorded that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "One of the rabbis came to the Messenger of Allah and said, `O Muhammad! We learn that Allah will put the heavens on one finger, the earths on one finger, the trees on one finger, the water and dust on one finger, and the rest of creation on one finger, then He will say: I am the King.' The Messenger of Allah smiled so broadly that his molars could be seen, in confirmation of what the rabbi had said. Then the Messenger of Allah recited:
(They made not a just estimate of Allah such as is due to Him. And on the Day of Resurrection the whole of the earth will be grasped by His Hand).'' Al-Bukhari also recorded this in other places of his Sahih. It was also recorded by Imam Ahmad and Muslim, and by At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa'i in the (books of) Tafsir in their Sunans. Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah say:
(Allah will grasp the earth and roll up the heavens in His Right Hand, then He will say: "I am the King, where are the kings of the earth'')'' This version was recorded only by Al-Bukhari; Muslim recorded another version. Al-Bukhari also recorded from Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah said:
(On the Day of Resurrection, Allah, may He be blessed and exalted, will grasp the earth with one finger, and the heavens will be in His Right Hand, then He will say, "I am the King.'') This version was also recorded by Al-Bukhari It is recorded that Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "The Messenger of Allah recited this Ayah on the Minbar one day:
(They made not a just estimate of Allah such as is due to Him. On the Day of Resurrection the whole earth will be grasped by His Hand and the heavens will be rolled up in His Right Hand. Glorified be He, and High be He above all that they associate as partners with Him!) The Messenger of Allah said while moving his hand forward and backward:
(And the Lord will glorify Himself, saying "I am Compeller, I am the Proud, I am the King, I am the Mighty, I am the Most Generous.'') And the Minbar shook so much that we feared that the Messenger of Allah would fall.'' This was also recorded by Muslim, An-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah.
(68. And the Trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth will swoon away, except him whom Allah wills. Then it will be blown another time, and behold they will be standing, looking on.) (69. And the earth will shine with the light of its Lord, and the Book will be presented, and the Prophets and the witnesses will be brought forward, and it will be judged between them with truth, and they will not be wronged.) (70. And each person will be paid in full of what he did; and He is Best Aware of what they do.)
Allah tells us about the terrors of the Day of Judgment, with its mighty signs and terrifying upheaval.
(And the Trumpet will be blown and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth will swoon away, except him whom Allah wills.) This will be the second trumpet-blast, which will cause people to die. By this trumpet-blast, everyone who is alive in the heavens and on earth will be caused to die, except for him whom Allah wills. Then the souls of the remaining creatures will be taken, until the last one to die will be the Angel of Death, and there will be left only the Ever Living, Eternal One, Who was there in the beginning and will be at the end, forever. He will say three times,
("Whose is the kingdom this day''), then He will answer Himself:
("It is Allah's, the One, the Irresistible!'') (40:16). `I am the One existing Alone, I subjugated all things and I decreed that all things must come to an end.' Then the first one to be brought back to life will be Israfil, and Allah will command him to sound the Trumpet again. This will be the third trumpet-blast, the trumpet-blast of Resurrection. Allah says:
(Then it will be blown another time, and behold they will be standing, looking on) means, after they have been bones and dust, they will come alive, looking at the terrors of the Day of Resurrection. This is like the Ayat:
(But it will be only a single Zajrah, when behold, they find themselves alive.) (79:13-14)
(On the Day when He will call you, and you will respond with His praise, and you will think that you have stayed (in this world) but a little while!) (17:52), and
(And among His signs is that the heaven and the earth stand by His command. Then afterwards when He will call you by a single call, behold, you will come out from the earth.) (30:25) Imam Ahmad recorded that a man said to `Abdullah bin `Amr (may Allah be pleased with him) "You say that the Hour will come at such and such time.'' He said, "I thought that I would not narrate to you anymore. All that I said was that after a little while you would see something of great importance.'' `Abdullah bin `Amr (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "The Messenger of Allah said:
(The Dajjal will emerge in my Ummah and he will stay among them for forty.) I do not know whether he said forty days or forty months or forty years or forty nights.
(Then Allah will send `Isa bin Maryam (peace be upon him) , who resembles `Urwah bin Mas`ud Ath-Thaqafi, and he will prevail. Allah will destroy him (the Dajjal), then after that mankind will live for seven years with no enmity between any two people. Then Allah will send a cool wind from the direction of Ash-Sham, which will take the soul of every person who has even a speck of faith in his heart; even if one of them were to be inside the heart of a mountain, it would enter upon him.)'' He said, "I heard it from the Messenger of Allah:
(There will be left the most evil of people, as light as birds and with the hard hearts of wild predators. They will not recognize any good or denounce any evil. Then Shaytan will appear to them and say, "Will you not obey me'' Then he will command them to worship idols and they will worship them. At that time they will have ample provision and a good standard of living. Then the Trumpet will be blown, and no one will hear it but he will tilt his head to listen. The first one to hear it will be a man who is filling his water trough, and he will die when he hears it. Then there will be no one left who has not died. Then Allah will send) -- or -- send down (rain like drizzle) -- or -- shade -- An-Nu`man (one of the narrators) was not sure of its wording (from which the bodies of the people will grow. Then the Trumpet will be blown once more, and they will be standing, looking on. Then it will be said, "O mankind, come to your Lord, (But stop them, verily, they are to be questioned) (37:24). Then it will be said,
("Send forth the people of Hell.'' It will be said, "How many'' It will said, "From every thousand, nine hundred and ninety- nine.'' On that Day, children will be resurrected gray-haired, and on that Day the Shin will be laid bare.)'' This was recorded by Muslim in his Sahih. Al-Bukhari recorded that Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said that the Prophet said:
(Between the two blasts, there will be only forty.) They said, "O Abu Hurayrah, forty days'' He (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "I do not know.'' They said, "Forty years'' He said, "I do not know.'' They said, "Forty months'' He said, "I do not know.''
(Every part of a man will disintegrate apart from the root of his backbone, and out of that he will be created anew.)
(And the earth will shine with the light of its Lord,) means, it will shine brightly on the Day of Resurrection when the Truth (Allah), may He be glorified and exalted, manifests Himself to His creation, to pass judgment.
(and the Book will be presented). Qatadah said, "The Book of deeds.''
(and the Prophets will be brought forward,) Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "They will bear witness against the nations, testifying that they conveyed the Message of Allah to them.''
(and the witnesses) means, witnesses from among the angels who record the deeds of all, good and evil alike.
(and it will be judged between them with truth,) means, with justice.
(and they will not be wronged.) Allah says:
(And We shall setup Balances of justice on the Day of Resurrection, then none will be dealt with unjustly in anything. And if there be the weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it. And Sufficient are We to take account.) (21:47)
(Surely, Allah wrongs not even of the weight of a speck of dust, but if there is any good (done), He doubles it, and gives from Him a great reward.) (4:40) Allah says:
(And each person will be paid in full of what he did;) meaning, of good and evil.
(and He is Best Aware of what they do).
(71. And those who disbelieved will be driven to Hell in groups till when they reach it, the gates thereof will be opened. And its keepers will say: "Did not the Messengers come to you from yourselves, reciting to you the Ayat of your Lord, and warning you of the meeting of this Day of yours'' They will say: "Yes,'' but the Word of torment has been justified against the disbelievers!) (72. It will be said: "Enter you the gates of Hell, to abide therein. And what an evil abode of the arrogant!'')
Allah tells us how the doomed disbeliever will be driven to Hell by force, with threats and warnings. This is like the Ayah:
(The Day when they will be pushed down by force to the fire of Hell, with a horrible, forceful pushing.) (52:13) which means, they will be pushed and forced towards it, and they will be extremely thirsty, as Allah says:
(The Day We shall gather those who have Taqwa unto the Most Gracious, like a delegation. And We shall drive the criminals to Hell, in a thirsty state.) (19:85-86) When they are in that state, they will be blind, dumb and deaf, and some of them will be walking on their faces:
(and We shall gather them together on the Day of Resurrection on their faces, blind, dumb and deaf; their abode will be Hell; whenever it abates, We shall increase for them the fierceness of the Fire) (17:97).
(till when they reach it, the gates thereof will be opened.) means, as soon as they arrive, the gates will be opened quickly, in order to hasten on their punishment. Then the keepers of Hell, who are stern angels, severe and strong, will say to them by way of rebuking and reprimanding:
(Did not the Messengers come to you from yourselves,) meaning, `of your own kind, so that you could have spoken to them and learned from them,'
(reciting to you the Ayat of your Lord,) means, `establishing proof against you that what they brought to you was true,'
(and warning you of the meeting of this Day of yours) means, `warning you of the evil of this Day.' The disbeliever will say to them:
(Yes,) meaning, `they did come to us and warn us and establish proof and evidence against us,'
(but the Word of torment has been justified against the disbelievers!) means, `but we rejected them and went against them, because we were already doomed, as it was decreed that we would be, because we had turned away from the truth towards falsehood.' This is like the Ayat:
(Every time a group is cast therein, its keeper will ask: "Did no warner come to you'' They will say: "Yes, indeed a warner came to us, but we denied him and said: `Allah never revealed anything; you are only in great error.''' And they will say: "Had we but listened or used our intelligence, we would not have been among the dwellers of the blazing Fire!'') (67:9-10) which means, they will feel regret and will blame themselves.
(Then they will confess their sin. So, away with the dwellers of the blazing Fire!) (67:11) means, they are lost and doomed.
(It will be said (to them): "Enter you the gates of Hell, to abide therein...'') means everyone who sees them and the situation they are in, will testify that they deserve the punishment. These words are not attributed to any specific person, but they are said as an indication that the entire universe will bear witness that they deserve what they are suffering, in accordance with the judgment of the Most Just, the All-Knowing. Allah says:
(It will be said (to them): "Enter you the gates of Hell, to abide therein...'') meaning, `to stay there forever; you will never leave or depart.'
(And (indeed) what an evil abode of the arrogant!) means, `what an evil destiny and what an evil place to stay, because of your arrogance in this world and your refusal to follow the truth; this is what has led you to this, what an evil state and what an evil final destination!'
(73. And those who had Taqwa will be led to Paradise in groups till when they reach it, and its gates will be opened and its keepers will say: "Salam `Alaykum (peace be upon you)! You have done well, so enter here to abide therein forever.'') (74. And they will say: "All the praises and thanks be to Allah Who has fulfilled His promise to us and has made us inherit the land. We can dwell in Paradise where we will; how excellent a reward for the workers!'')