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This Ayah includes ten separate and independent ideas, each of which is a ruling on its own.

They (the scholars) said that there is nothing else like it in the Qur'an, apart from Ayat Al-Kursi (2:255), which also includes ten ideas.

﴿ فَلِذَٲلِكَ فَٱدۡعُ‌ۖ

(So unto this then invite (people),) means, `so call people to this which We have revealed to you and which We enjoined upon all the Prophets before you,' the Prophets of major ways (of Shari`ah) that were followed, such as the Messengers of strong will, and others.

﴿ وَٱسۡتَقِمۡ ڪَمَآ أُمِرۡتَ‌ۖ

(and stand firm as you are commanded,) means, `adhere firmly, you and those who follow you, to the worship of Allah as He has commanded you.'

﴿ وَلَا تَتَّبِعۡ أَهۡوَآءَهُمۡ‌ۖ

(and follow not their desires) means, the desires of the idolaters, in the falsehoods that they have invented and fabricated by worshipping idols.

﴿ وَقُلۡ ءَامَنتُ بِمَآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ مِن ڪِتَـٰبٍ۬‌ۖ

(but say: "I believe in whatsoever Allah has sent down of the Book...'') means, `I believe in all the Books that have been revealed from heaven to the Prophets; we do not differentiate between any of them.'

﴿ وَأُمِرۡتُ لِأَعۡدِلَ بَيۡنَكُمُ‌ۖ

(and I am commanded to do justice among you.) means, when judging according to the commands of Allah.

﴿ ٱللَّهُ رَبُّنَا وَرَبُّكُمۡ‌ۖ

(Allah is our Lord and your Lord.) means, `He is the One Who is to be worshipped, and there is no true God but He. We affirm this willingly, and even though you do not do so willingly, everyone in the universe prostrates to Him obediently and willingly.'

﴿ لَنَآ أَعۡمَـٰلُنَا وَلَكُمۡ أَعۡمَـٰلُكُمۡ

(For us our deeds and for you your deeds.) means, `we have nothing to do with you. ' This is like the Ayah:

﴿ وَإِن كَذَّبُوكَ فَقُل لِّى عَمَلِى وَلَكُمۡ عَمَلُكُمۡ‌ۖ أَنتُم بَرِيٓـُٔونَ مِمَّآ أَعۡمَلُ وَأَنَا۟ بَرِىٓءٌ۬ مِّمَّا تَعۡمَلُونَ

(And if they demy you, say: "For me are my deeds and for you are your deeds! You are innocent of what I do, and I am innocent of what you do!'') (10:41)

﴿ لَا حُجَّةَ بَيۡنَنَا وَبَيۡنَكُمُ‌ۖ

(There is no dispute between us and you.) Mujahid said, "This means, no argument.'' As-Suddi said, "This was before Ayah of the sword was revealed.'' This fits the context, because this Ayah was revealed in Makkah, and Ayah of the sword ﴿22:39-40 was revealed after the Hijrah.

﴿ ٱللَّهُ يَجۡمَعُ بَيۡنَنَا‌ۖ

(Allah will assemble us (all),) means, on the Day of Resurrection. This is like the Ayah:

﴿ قُلۡ يَجۡمَعُ بَيۡنَنَا رَبُّنَا ثُمَّ يَفۡتَحُ بَيۡنَنَا بِٱلۡحَقِّ وَهُوَ ٱلۡفَتَّاحُ ٱلۡعَلِيمُ

(Say: "Our Lord will assemble us all together, then He will judge between us with truth. And He is the Just Judge, the All-Knower of the true state of affairs.'') (34:26).

﴿ وَإِلَيۡهِ ٱلۡمَصِيرُ

(and to Him is the final return.) means, the final return on the Day of Reckoning.

﴿ وَٱلَّذِينَ يُحَآجُّونَ فِى ٱللَّهِ مِنۢ بَعۡدِ مَا ٱسۡتُجِيبَ لَهُ ۥ حُجَّتُهُمۡ دَاحِضَةٌ عِندَ رَبِّہِمۡ وَعَلَيۡہِمۡ غَضَبٌ۬ وَلَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ۬ شَدِيدٌ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِىٓ أَنزَلَ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ بِٱلۡحَقِّ وَٱلۡمِيزَانَ‌ۗ وَمَا يُدۡرِيكَ لَعَلَّ ٱلسَّاعَةَ قَرِيبٌ۬ يَسۡتَعۡجِلُ بِہَا ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِہَا‌ۖ وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ مُشۡفِقُونَ مِنۡہَا وَيَعۡلَمُونَ أَنَّهَا ٱلۡحَقُّ‌ۗ أَلَآ إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يُمَارُونَ فِى ٱلسَّاعَةِ لَفِى ضَلَـٰلِۭ بَعِيدٍ

(16. And those who dispute concerning Allah, after it has been accepted, of no use is their dispute before their Lord and on them is wrath, and for them will be a severe torment.) (17. It is Allah Who has sent down the Book in truth, and the Balance. And what can make you know that perhaps the Hour is close at hand) (18. Those who believe not therein seek to hasten it, while those who believe are fearful of it, and know that it is the very truth. Verily, those who dispute concerning the Hour are certainly in error far away.)

A Warning to Those Who dispute concerning Matters of Religion

Here Allah warns those who try to hinder those who believe in Allah, from following His path.

﴿ وَٱلَّذِينَ يُحَآجُّونَ فِى ٱللَّهِ مِنۢ بَعۡدِ مَا ٱسۡتُجِيبَ لَهُ ۥ

(And those who dispute concerning Allah, after it has been accepted,) means, those who dispute with the believers who have responded to Allah and His Messenger, and try to stop them from following the path of guidance.

﴿ حُجَّتُهُمۡ دَاحِضَةٌ عِندَ رَبِّہِمۡ

(no use is their dispute before their Lord) means, it is futile before Allah.

﴿ وَعَلَيۡہِمۡ غَضَبٌ۬

(and on them is wrath,) means, from Him.

﴿ وَلَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ۬ شَدِيدٌ

(and for them will be a severe torment.) means, on the Day of Resurrection. Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) and Mujahid said, "They disputed with the believers after they responded to Allah and His Messenger, and tried to prevent them from following the path of guidance, hoping that they would return to Jahiliyyah.'' Qatadah said, "These were the Jews and Christians who said to them, `Our religion is better than your religion, our Prophet came before your Prophet, and we are better than you and closer to Allah than you. ''' This was nothing but lies. Then Allah says:

﴿ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِىٓ أَنزَلَ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ بِٱلۡحَقِّ

(It is Allah Who has sent down the Book in truth,) referring to all the Books which were revealed from Him to His Prophets.

﴿ وَٱلۡمِيزَانَ‌ۗ

(and the Balance.) means, justice and fairness. This was the view of Mujahid and Qatadah. This is like the Ayat:

﴿ لَقَدۡ أَرۡسَلۡنَا رُسُلَنَا بِٱلۡبَيِّنَـٰتِ وَأَنزَلۡنَا مَعَهُمُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ وَٱلۡمِيزَانَ لِيَقُومَ ٱلنَّاسُ بِٱلۡقِسۡطِ‌ۖ

(Indeed We have sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with them the Scripture and the Balance that mankind may keep up justice) (57:25).

﴿ وَٱلسَّمَآءَ رَفَعَهَا وَوَضَعَ ٱلۡمِيزَانَ أَلَّا تَطۡغَوۡاْ فِى ٱلۡمِيزَانِ وَأَقِيمُواْ ٱلۡوَزۡنَ بِٱلۡقِسۡطِ وَلَا تُخۡسِرُواْ ٱلۡمِيزَانَ

(And the heaven He has raised high, and He has set up the Balance. In order that you may not transgress (due) balance. And observe the weight with equity and do not make the balance deficient.)(55:7-9)

﴿ وَمَا يُدۡرِيكَ لَعَلَّ ٱلسَّاعَةَ قَرِيبٌ۬

(And what can make you know that perhaps the Hour is close at hand) This is encouragement (to strive) for its sake, a terrifying warning, and advice to think little of this world.

﴿ يَسۡتَعۡجِلُ بِہَا ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِہَا‌ۖ

(Those who believe not therein seek to hasten it,) means, they say, `when will this promise be fulfilled, if you are telling the truth' But they say this by way of disbelief and stubbornness, thinking that it is unlikely to happen.

﴿ وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ مُشۡفِقُونَ مِنۡہَا

(while those who believe are fearful of it) means, they are afraid of it happening.

﴿ وَيَعۡلَمُونَ أَنَّهَا ٱلۡحَقُّ‌ۗ

(and know that it is the very truth.) means, that it will undoubtedly come to pass, so they prepare themselves for it and strive for its sake. It was reported through various chains of narration, a number reaching the level of being Mutawatir, in Sahih and Hasan narrations, in the Books of Sunan and Musnad. According to some versions, a man addressed the Messenger of Allah in a loud voice, when he was on one of his journeys, calling out to him, "O Muhammad!'' The Messenger of Allah replied in a similar manner, "Here I am!'' The man said, "When will the Hour come'' The Messenger of Allah said,

« وَيْحَكَ إِنَّهَا كَائِنَةٌ فَمَا أَعْدَدْتَ لَهَا؟ »

(Woe to you! It will most certainly come. What have you done to prepare for it) He said, "Love for Allah and His Messenger.'' He said:

« أَنْتَ مَعَ مَنْ أَحْبَبْت »

(You will be with those whom you love.) According to another Hadith:

« الْمَرْءُ مَعَ مَنْ أَحَب »

("A man will be with those whom he loves.) This is Mutawatir beyond a doubt. The point is that he did not answer his question about when the Hour would happen, but he commanded him to prepare for it.

﴿ أَلَآ إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يُمَارُونَ فِى ٱلسَّاعَةِ

(Verily, those who dispute concerning the Hour) means, who dispute whether it will happen and think it is unlikely ever to come,

﴿ لَفِى ضَلَـٰلِۭ بَعِيدٍ

(are certainly in error far away.) means, they are clearly ignorant, because the One Who created the heavens and the earth is even more able to give life to the dead, as Allah says:

﴿ وَهُوَ ٱلَّذِى يَبۡدَؤُاْ ٱلۡخَلۡقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ ۥ وَهُوَ أَهۡوَنُ عَلَيۡهِ‌ۚ

(And He it is Who originates the creation, then He will repeat it; and this is easier for Him) (30:27).

﴿ ٱللَّهُ لَطِيفُۢ بِعِبَادِهِۦ يَرۡزُقُ مَن يَشَآءُ‌ۖ وَهُوَ ٱلۡقَوِىُّ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ مَن كَانَ يُرِيدُ حَرۡثَ ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ نَزِدۡ لَهُ ۥ فِى حَرۡثِهِۦ‌ۖ وَمَن كَانَ يُرِيدُ حَرۡثَ ٱلدُّنۡيَا نُؤۡتِهِۦ مِنۡہَا وَمَا لَهُ ۥ فِى ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ مِن نَّصِيبٍ أَمۡ لَهُمۡ شُرَڪَـٰٓؤُاْ شَرَعُواْ لَهُم مِّنَ ٱلدِّينِ مَا لَمۡ يَأۡذَنۢ بِهِ ٱللَّهُ‌ۚ وَلَوۡلَا ڪَلِمَةُ ٱلۡفَصۡلِ لَقُضِىَ بَيۡنَہُمۡ‌ۗ وَإِنَّ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ لَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ۬ تَرَى ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ مُشۡفِقِينَ مِمَّا ڪَسَبُواْ وَهُوَ وَاقِعُۢ بِهِمۡ‌ۗ وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ فِى رَوۡضَاتِ ٱلۡجَنَّاتِ‌ۖ لَهُم مَّا يَشَآءُونَ عِندَ رَبِّهِمۡ‌ۚ ذَٲلِكَ هُوَ ٱلۡفَضۡلُ ٱلۡكَبِيرُ

(19. Allah is very Gracious and Kind to His servants. He gives provisions to whom He wills. And He is the All-Strong, the Almighty.) (20. Whosoever desires the reward of the Hereafter, We give him increase in his reward, and whosoever desires the reward of this world, We give him thereof, and he has no portion in the Hereafter.) (21. Or have they partners with Allah who have instituted for them a religion which Allah has not ordained And had it not been for a decisive Word, the matter would have been judged between them. And verily, for the wrongdoers there is a painful torment.) (22. You will see the wrongdoers fearful of that which they have earned, and it will surely befall them. But those who believe and do righteous deeds (will be) in the flowering meadows of the Gardens. They shall have whatsoever they desire with their Lord. That is the supreme grace.)