Allah mentions that He is the King and Owner of the heavens and earth, and the Only Ruler over them in this life and the Hereafter. Allah's statement,
(And on the Day that the Hour will be established) on the Day of Resurrection,
(the followers of falsehood shall lose.) those who disbelieve in Allah and reject the clear proofs and unequivocal evidences that He has sent down to His Messengers. Allah said,
(And you will see each nation humbled to their knees (Jathiyah),) kneeling, fearful of the tremendous calamity and events. It was said that this will occur when Hellfire will be brought forth, for she will exhale once, and everyone will fall to their knees, including Ibrahim, the Khalil. He will proclaim, "Myself, myself, myself! Today, I will not ask You (O Allah) but about myself.'' And even `Isa, will proclaim, "Today, I will only argue before You on my own behalf, I will not ask You about Maryam, who gave birth to me.'' Allah said next,
(each nation will be called to its Record.) meaning, Record of deeds. Allah said in a similar Ayah,
(And the Book will be presented; and the Prophets and the witnesses will be brought forward) (39:69). This is why Allah said here,
(This Day you shall be recompensed for what you used to do.) `you will be judged according to your deeds, good and evil.' Allah said in similar Ayat;
(On that Day man will be informed of what he sent forward, and what he left behind. Nay! Man will be a witness against himself, though he may put forth his excuses.) (75:13-15) Allah said,
(This, Our Record speaks about you with truth.) It contains the record of all your actions, without addition or deletion. Allah also said:
(And the Book will be presented, and you will see the criminals, fearful of that which is therein. They will say: "Woe to us! What sort of Book is this that leaves neither a small thing nor a big thing, but has recorded it with numbers!'' And they will find all that they did, placed before them, and your Lord treats no one with injustice.) (18:49) Allah's statement,
(Verily, We were recording what you used to do.) means, `We ordered Our scribe angels to record your deeds.' Ibn `Abbas and others commented, "The angels record the deeds of the servants and then ascend to heaven with them. There, they meet the angels entrusted with the Records of deeds sent down from Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz on each Night of Al-Qadr, containing what Allah has written will occur from the servants, long before He created them. They will compare their records and find out that not a single letter was added or deleted.'' He then recited this Ayah,
(Verily, We were recording what you used to do.)
(30. Then, as for those who believed and did good deeds, their Lord will admit them to His mercy. That will be the evident success.) (31. But as for those who disbelieved (it will be said to them): "Were not Our Ayat recited to you But you were proud, and you were a people who were criminals.'') (32. And when it was said: "Verily, Allah's promise is the truth, and there is no doubt about the coming of the Hour,'' you said: "We know not what is the Hour: we do not think it but conjecture, and we have no firm convincing belief (therein).'') (33. And the evil of what they did will appear to them, and that which they used to mock at will completely encircle them.) (34. And it will be said: "This Day We will forget you as you forgot the meeting of this Day of yours. And your abode is the Fire, and there is none to help you.'') (35. This, because you took the revelations of Allah in mockery, and the life of the world deceived you. So this Day, they shall not be taken out from there (Hell), nor shall they be returned to the worldly life.) (36. So all praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the heavens and the Lord of the earth, and the Lord of all that exists.) (37. And His is the majesty in the heavens and the earth, and He is Al-`Aziz, Al-Hakim.)
(Then, as for those who believed and did good deeds,) Those whose hearts believed and their limbs performed good deeds, in sincerity to Allah and conforming with Islamic legislation;
(their Lord will admit them to His mercy. ) and that is Paradise. In the Sahih, Allah said to Paradise;
("You are My mercy, with which I grant mercy to whom I will,'') Allah said;
(That will be the evident success.) clear and apparent. Allah said,
(But as for those who disbelieved (it will be said to them): "Were not Our Ayat recited to you But you were proud...'') They will be admonished and criticized with this statement, that means, `have not the Ayat of Ar-Rahman been recited to you But you did not follow them out of pride and turned away upon hearing them,'
(and you were a people who were criminals.), `by your actions, as well as, the denial that your hearts contained.'
(And when it was said: "Verily, Allah's promise is the truth, and there is no doubt about the coming of the Hour,'') `when the believers said these words to you;'
(you said: "We know not what is the Hour...'') `we do not recognize what you are talking about,'
(we do not think it but conjecture,) `we only remotely think that it might come,'
(and we have no firm convincing belief (therein).) `we are not sure of it.' Allah said,
(And the evil of what they did will appear to them,) the repercussion of their evil deeds will become apparent to them,
(and will completely encircle them.) from all directions,
(that which they used to mock at) of the coming torment and punishment,
(And it will be said: "This Day We will forget you...'') `We will treat you as if We have forgotten you, casting you in the fire of Jahannam,'
(as you forgot the meeting of this Day of yours.) `and did not work for it because you did not believe in its coming,'
(And your abode is the Fire, and there is none to help you.) In the Sahih, it is reported that Allah the Exalted will ask some of His servants on the Day of Resurrection,
("Have I not given you a spouse, honored you and subjected the camels and horses to you Have I not allowed you to be a chief and a master'' The servant will say in answer, "Yes, O Lord!'' Allah will say, "Did you think that you would ever meet Me'' He will say, "No.'' Allah the Exalted will say, "then this Day, I will forget you as you forgot Me.'') Allah the Exalted said,
(This, because you took the revelations of Allah in mockery.) `We gave you this punishment as retribution because you mocked Allah's proofs that He sent to you, and made them the subject of jokes and jest,'
(and the life of the world deceived you.) `this life fooled you and you were seduced by to it, thus becoming among the ultimate losers,'
(So this Day, they shall not be taken out from there), from Hellfire,
(nor shall they be returned to the worldly life.) no apologies shall be sought from them, but they will be punished without limit or delay, just as a group of the believers will enter Paradise without limit or delay. After Allah mentioned His judgment for the believers and the disbelievers, He said,
(So all praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the heavens and the Lord of the earth,) He is their Owner and the Owner of all that is in and on them, and surely,
(and the Lord of all that exists.) Allah said next,
(And His is the majesty in the heavens and the earth,) meaning, the kingship, according to Mujahid. This Ayah means, Allah is the Almighty, Worthy of all praise; everything and everyone is subservient and in complete need of and dependent upon Him. In an authentic Hadith, the Prophet said,
(Allah the Exalted said, "Glory is My robe and pride is My garment; whoever rivals Me for either of them, I will make him reside in My Fire!'') Muslim collected a similar Hadith. Allah said,
(and He is the Al-`Aziz,) Who is never resisted or rivaled,
(Al-Hakim) all wise in His statements, actions, legislation and the decree that He appoints; all glory and praise are due to Him, none has the right to be worshipped but He, Alone. This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Jathiyah. All praise and thanks are due to Allah alone.
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
(1. Ha Mim.) (2. The revelation of the Book is from Allah, the Almighty, the All-Wise.) (3. We created not the heavens and the earth and all that is between them except with truth, and for a specified term. But those who disbelieve, turn away from that whereof they are warned.) (4. Say: "Think you about all that you invoke besides Allah Show me what have they created of the earth Or have they a share in (the creation of) the heavens Bring me a scripture prior to this or some trace of knowledge, if you are truthful!'') (5. And who is more astray than those who invoke besides Allah others who will not answer them until the Day of Resurrection, and who are unaware of their invocations to them) (6. And when mankind are gathered, they (false deities) will become their enemies and will deny their worship.)