(And if they see an Ayah), if they see proof, evidence and a sign,
(they turn away), they do not believe in it. Rather, they turn away from it, abandoning it behind their backs,
(and say: "This is magic, Mustamir.'') They say, `the sign that we saw was magic, which was cast on us.' Mustamir, means, `will soon go away', according to Mujahid, Qatadah and several others. The Quraysh said that the cleaving of the moon was false and will soon diminish and fade away,
(They denied and followed their own lusts.), they rejected the truth when it came to them, following the ignorance and foolishness that their lusts and desires called them to. Allah's statement,
(And every matter will be settled.) means, the good deeds will take their doers to all that is good and righteous, and similarly evil deeds will take their doers to all that is evil, according to Qatadah, while Ibn Jurayj said, "will settle according to its people.'' Mujahid commented on the meaning of,
(And every matter will be settled.) by saying, "On the Day of Resurrection.'' Allah's statement,
(And indeed there has come to them news); in this Qur'an, there has come to them the news of the earlier nations that disbelieved in their Messengers and the torment, punishment and affliction that befell them,
(wherein there is Muzdajar), wherein there are warnings and lessons to stop them from idolatry and persisting in denial,
(Perfect wisdom,) in that Allah guides whomever He wills and misguides whomever He wills,
(but warners benefit them not.) but the preaching of warnings does not benefit those upon whom Allah has written misery and sealed their hearts. Who can guide such people after Allah This Ayah is similar to Allah's statements,
(Say: "With Allah is the perfect proof and argument; had He so willed, He would indeed have guided you all.'')(6:149) and,
(But neither Ayat nor warners benefit those who believe not.)(10:101)
(6. So withdraw from them. The Day that the caller will call (them) to a terrible thing.) (7. They will come forth, with humbled eyes from (their) graves as if they were locusts spread abroad,) (8. Hastening towards the caller. The disbelievers will say: "This is a hard Day.'')
Allah the Exalted says, `O Muhammad, turn away from these people who, when they witness a miracle, they deny it and say that this is continuous magic.' Turn away from them and wait until,
(The Day that the caller will call (them) to a terrible thing.) to the Recompense and the afflictions, horrors and tremendous hardships that it brings forth,
(with humbled eyes), their eyes will be covered with disgrace,
(they will come forth from (their) graves as if they were locusts spread abroad.) They will gather towards the area of Reckoning in such haste and crowds, in response to the caller, as if they were crowds of locusts spreading all about. Allah said,
(Hastening) meaning hurriedly,
(towards the caller.) without being able to hesitate or slow down,
(The disbelievers will say: "This is a hard Day.''), meaning, `this is a hard, terrible, horrifying and distressful Day,'
(Truly, that Day will be a Hard Day -- far from easy for the disbelievers.) (74:9-10)
(9. The people of Nuh denied (their Messenger) before them. They rejected Our servant and said: "A madman!'' Wazdujir.) (10. Then he invoked his Lord (saying): "I have been overcome, so help (me)!'') (11. So, We opened the gates of the heaven with water Munhamir.) (12. And We caused springs to gush forth from the earth. So, the waters met for a matter predestined.) (13. And We carried him on a (ship) made of planks and nails (Dusur)) (14. Floating under Our Eyes, a reward for him who had been rejected!) (15. And indeed, We have left this as a sign. Then is there any that will remember) (16. Then how (terrible) was My torment and My warnings) (17. And We have indeed made the Qur'an easy to understand and remember; then is there anyone who will remember)
Allah the Exalted said,
(denied) `before your people, O Muhammad,'
(the people of Nuh. They rejected Our servant) means, they denied him categorically and accused him of madness,
(and said: "A madman!'' Wazdujir.) Mujahid said about Wazdujir: "He was driven out accused on account of madness.'' It was also said that Wazdujir means, he was rebuked, deterred, threatened and warned by his people saying:
("If you do not stop O Nuh, you will be among those who will be stoned.'') (26:116) This was said by Ibn Zayd, and it is sound.
(Then he invoked his Lord (saying): "I have been overcome, so help (me)!'') meaning, `I am weak and cannot overcome or resist my people, so help Your religion!' Allah the Exalted said,
(So, We opened the gates of the heaven with water Munhamir.) As-Suddi said about Munhamir, "It means abundant.''
(And We caused springs to gush forth from the earth.) means, from every part of the earth, and even ovens in which fire was burning -- water and springs gushed forth,
(So, the waters met), means, of the heaven and the earth,
(for a matter predestined.) Ibn Jurayj reported from Ibn `Abbas:
(So, We opened the gates of the heaven with water Munhamir), Torrential rain, the only water that fell from the sky before that day and ever since was from clouds. But the sky's gates were opened on them that day, and therefore, the water that came down was not from clouds. So both the waters (of the earth and the heaven) met according to a matter ordained.'' Allah said,
(And We carried him on a (ship) made of planks and nails (Dusur)), Ibn `Abbas, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Al-Qurazi, Qatadah and Ibn Zayd said that Dusur means nails. Ibn Jarir preferred this view. Allah's statement,
(Floating under Our Eyes), means, `by Our command and under Our protection and observation,'
(a reward for him who had been rejected!) meaning, as recompense for them because of their disbelief in Allah and as reward for Nuh (peace be upon him). Allah the Exalted said,
(And indeed, We have left this as a sign.) Qatadah said, "Allah left the ship of Nuh intact until the first generation of this Ummah were able to see it.'' However, it appears that the meaning here is that Allah kept ships as a sign. For instance, Allah the Exalted said,
(And a sign for them is that We bore their offspring in the laden ship. And We have created for them of the like thereunto, on which they ride.)(36:41-42),
(Verily, when the water rose beyond its limits, We carried you in the boat. That We might make it an admonition for you and that it might be retained by the retaining ears.)(69:11-12) Allah's statement here,
(Then is there any that will remember) means, `is there any that will receive admonition and reminder. Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said, "The Prophet recited to me,
(Then is there any that will remember)'' Al-Bukhari collected a similar Hadith from `Abdullah that he said, "I recited to the Prophet (فَهَلْ مِن مُّذَّكِرٍ) (then is there any that will remember) and the Prophet said,
(Then is there any that will remember)'' Allah's statement,
(Then how (terrible) was My torment and My warnings) means, `how terrible was My torment that I inflicted on those who disbelieved in Me and denied My Messengers, who did not heed to My warnings How was My help that I extended to My Messengers and the revenge exerted on their behalf,'
(And We have indeed made the Qur'an easy to understand and remember); meaning, `We have made the Qur'an easy to recite and comprehend for those who seek these traits, to remind mankind,' as Allah said,
((This is) a Book which We have sent down to you, full of blessings, that they may ponder over its Ayat, and that men of understanding may remember.)(38:29),
(So We have made this (the Qur'an) easy in your own tongue, only that you may give glad tidings to those who have Taqwa and warn with it the most quarrelsome people.)(19:97) Allah said,
(then is there any that will remember), meaning, `is there anyone who will remember through this Qur'an, which We made easy to memorize and easy to understand' Muhammad bin Ka`b Al-Qurazi commented on this Ayah, "Is there anyone who will avoid evil''
(18. `Ad denied; then how was My torment and My warnings) (19. Verily, We sent against them a violently cold (Sarsar) wind on a day of calamity, continuous.) (20. Plucking out men as if they were uprooted stems of date palms.) (21. Then, how was My torment and My warnings) (22. And We have indeed made the Qur'an easy to understand and remember; then is there any that will remember)
So, Allah sent on them,
(against them a violently cold (Sarsar) wind), means, a bitterly cold and furious wind,
(on a day of calamity), against them, according to Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah and As-Suddi,
(continuous), upon them because the calamity, torment and destruction that they suffered in this life on that day continued with that of the Hereafter,
(Plucking out men as if they were uprooted stems of date palms.) The wind would pluck one of them and raise him high, until he could no longer be seen, and then violently send him down on his head to the ground. His head would be smashed and only his body would be left, headless,
(as if they were uprooted stems of date palms. Then, how was My torment and My warnings And We have indeed made the Qur'an easy to understand and remember; then is there any that will remember)
(23. Thamud denied the warnings.) (24. And they said: "A man, alone among us -- shall we follow him Truly, then we should be in error and distress!'') (25. "Is it that the Reminder is sent to him alone from among us Nay, he is an insolent liar!'') (26. Tomorrow they will come to know who is the liar, the insolent one!) (27. Verily, We are sending the she-camel as a test for them. So watch them, and be patient!) (28. And inform them that the water is to be shared between (her and) them, each one's right to drink being established (by turns).) (29. But they called their comrade and he took (a sword) and killed (her).) (30. Then, how was My torment and My warnings) (31. Verily, We sent against them a single Sayhah, and they became like straw Al-Muhtazir.) (32. And indeed, We have made the Qur'an easy to understand and remember; then is there any that will remember)